Another reliable airline for pet owners, Air France allows cats, dogs, and service animals in the cabin, cargo hold, or by freight. However, they have specific travel regulations for each transport method.
You are also required to carry an approved pet container that is comfortable for your pet. Animal crates aren’t accepted in the cabin, and passengers must keep their pets in a special closed travel bag. The bag should be flexible and not plastic. You can also purchase a travel container from the Air France Shopping website.
Pets weighing less than 17 pounds are allowed to travel in the cabin, and those above 17 pounds are required to travel in the cargo hold.
Every passenger can carry three pets with them but only one is allowed in the cabin.
The transport fee for animals depends on the destination and ranges anywhere between €30 and €400.
KLM Royal Dutch Airlines
KLM Royal Dutch Airline allows cats and dogs to travel with their owners, with pets allowed to travel in the cabin or the cargo hold. The reservation must be made at least 48 hours before departure.
It should be noted that passengers can only bring one cat or dog, weighing 17 pounds or less, with them in the cabin.
The cargo hold has a limit of three pets maximum. You can read more about their pet travel restrictions here.
The cost of transport for pets may vary based on the departure airport and destination. However, the total cost range for a one-way flight is between €75 and €400.
Turkish Airlines will allow cats, dogs, birds, and service animals on their flights but requires passengers to make the reservations at least 6 hours before departure time.
Animals can travel in the cabin, but they must be in their crates for the duration of the flight. And the total weight of the animal and the crate (for cabin travel) must be less than 17 pounds.
Their pet transport fee changes according to your route and the weight of the animal. The domestic transport fee starts at 120 TRY for animals weighing 17 pounds or less and goes up to 350 TRY for animals weighing 61 pounds or more. The pet transport fee for international flights is calculated based on the route and price per kg. You can check the complete price listing for flying with a dog on their website.
They also have specific vet certification requirements for passengers flying with their pets from or to the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. If you’re flying with different types of beagles, read between the lines.
Note: The airline does not allow cats and birds or cats and dogs on the same flight. Dogs and birds are allowed on the same flight but should be kept in different cabins or as far away as possible.
One of the most pet-friendly airlines international, Lufthansa allows both cats and dogs to travel on their flights. Their registration deadline is a little longer than that of Turkish airlines, giving you 24 hours to confirm your pet’s travel.
They allow two or three animals to travel in a single container, given that the total weight of the container does not exceed 17 pounds. If the total weight of your pet and their container is above 17 pounds, they must travel in the cargo hold.
You are charged a fee for pet transport based on your flight and the size of the transport container.
Lufthansa also has a list of travel options based on the animal’s weight, size, and animal type.
Ensure your pet has received all the physical examinations necessary before the journey. Some pets may be required to carry a health certificate signed by the vet 14 days before the journey.
The pet carrier/crate should be comfortable for your pet.
Pack a travel bag with food, water, treats, and toys to keep your dog occupied.
Dogs get sick easily and may not respond well to flights or long travels. So make sure you’re following their feeding schedule properly. If your next question is, “can dogs eat canned food,” they can. So your dog’s feeding schedule becomes a little easier to follow.
If your pet’s temperament is typically aggressive, they may only get more aggressive on the flight. It’s a behavioral concern that should be addressed. In the meanwhile, you can inform those handling your dog’s crate to be more careful.
Travel becomes that much better when you know your pet is comfortable, safe, and having as much fun as you are. We hope our guide provided you with not one but five options for your question, “What is the best airline to fly with pets?”
Now that you know how to get around the world with your pet, what destination are you visiting next?
Vlogging is a new and exciting way to share your adventures with the world. Now, more than ever, we can use technology like smartphones and digital cameras to produce high-quality vlogs on the go.
Millions of people around the world produce travel vlogs and love sharing their experiences through video blogs. If you’re considering making your travel vlogs, these seven simple tips for beginners will get you started in no time
Keep videos short and sweet
When creating their first travel vlog, one of the most common errors is taking excessive footage. We all want to pack as much valuable content into our episodes as possible, but this means we inevitably cut out important details about locations and people we met. Keep your videos short and don’t try to push all of your information into a five-minute video if it would be more effective as a 2-minute clip. This will make it easier for viewers to engage with your travel vlogs and you’ll have an easier time editing the footage down too.
Get close with your camera
One of the essential elements of any good travel vlog is giving us great visuals without taking up too much screen time. This means getting as close as possible to whatever you’re filming. In many cases, this may mean physically moving towards your subject before setting up for a shot – even if it makes you feel awkward or silly. There’s nothing worse than watching an amateur travel vlog and seeing blurry, faraway images of people walking along beaches or up mountains.
Capture life’s little moments
You may think that the most exciting thing about your trip was bungee jumping over a gorge, but unless you made it into a short highlight video, no one wants to see footage of you gearing up for the jump and cheering when you succeed. Instead, look out for the small things: the funny joke shared between two strangers on the street; unusual architecture in an old town; or tasting exotic foods at a market stall. These everyday scenes are where we find absolute joy and excitement when we’re traveling.
Be consistent with your camera angles
Just as you won’t see a Hollywood director choosing to film every scene from eye level, try not to turn your travel vlog into a series of boring shots from ground level. This is particularly true if you’re leading an audience through a place that they’ve probably already seen dozens of times before on Google Maps or Google Earth – it can get tedious quickly!
Keep things quiet when filming inside
The idea behind creating travel vlogs is that you give viewers an insight into your experiences that they can’t get from looking at photographs or watching pre-recorded videos. This means not making a racket when you’re recording and trying to keep your voice down when you’re in enclosed spaces like hotel rooms, museums, and restaurants. Not only will the people around you appreciate it, but it’ll make for better quality audio in your travel vlogs too.
Keep things simple with lighting
Lighting is such an important element of film-making (and photography) that many filmmakers avoid shooting indoors unless natural light streams through windows. But this isn’t always possible when we’re traveling and may mean missing out on great shots of sunsets at beachside restaurants or dramatic sunset portraits. How do we solve this problem? Use your phone! The iPhone camera now has a tremendous low-light mode, which means you don’t need to make the sacrifice between filming inside or out.
Keep an open mind about editing
One of the biggest bugbears people have with travel vlogs is seeing too many jump cuts and fast edits in amateur videos. Jump cuts are when you abruptly cut from one long scene to another, for example, cutting out part of a walk up a hill because you didn’t like how it looked or couldn’t get access to better filming spots along the way. This may work if done correctly, but more often than not, we find it disorientating and confusing. Avoiding this pitfall means keeping enough footage to create more cohesive, informative videos that’ll delight your audience. Be sure to add music to your video to make it more engaging and entertaining!
Important Things To Keep In Mind When Creating A Travel Video
There are a few things you should keep in mind before hitting the road and filming your next travel adventure. Here are a few of the most important:
Make a plan
Before you even leave, it’s helpful to have some outline or storyboard for your video. This will help you stay on track while filming and make the editing process smoother.
This may seem obvious, but it’s always tempting to pack everything but the kitchen sink when we’re going away. Resist the urge! Not only will carrying excess weight make traveling harder, it’ll also mean you have less space for equipment and camera gear.
Bring enough power supply and storage
This is especially important if you’re using a DSLR or action camera because these devices can eat up batteries and storage space incredibly quickly, mainly if you’re recording in 4K.
Learn your equipment before you leave
If you’re asking people to subscribe to your channel and watch your videos, then it’s important that they look good. That means learning how to use your equipment so you can get the best footage possible. This way, editing will be much easier, too, because your shots won’t need to be changed or repositioned.
Research the best time to shoot in advance
This one is significant if you’re filming in places with seasonal weather changes – think mountains during winter or deserts during summer. Knowing when the weather is most likely to be at its best will help you order your day and get the shots that make your travel vlog captivating for viewers.
Don’t hesitate to ask other travelers for help
One of the great things about traveling is meeting new people, so why not make use of this while you’re making your travel vlog? Asking locals and other travelers for tips and advice is a great way to get good content, and they may even be able to help you with filming and equipment.
Make a backup plan in case of technical problems
Technology is great but it does like to let us down sometimes when we’re in the middle of nowhere with no signal. Make sure your phone is fully charged so you can still get full use out of it even if something terrible happens to your camera or gear.
Try different angles and perspectives
Pretend the camera isn’t there when you film, then edit the footage afterward. Still, this method might not be perfect for every type of shot because some shots work better from a particular angle and adding different angles and perspectives can make your videos more engaging.
Shoot an extra-wide shot for each location
Shooting a little wider than normal when you’re beginning to film creates good variety in your shots, making the video much more interesting to watch. Plus, it’s always worth having extra footage to play with when editing.
Take plenty of time to shoot your intro
You don’t want to rush the beginning of your travel vlog because this is where you’re going to hook people, so take plenty of time and try out a few different things before you settle on an intro that meets your needs.
Try panning and zooming
Although these techniques might seem a little bit too complicated for beginners, they can be a great way of adding a more professional feel to your travel vlogs, making them much more engaging for viewers.
Use stabilizers whenever possible
This one really depends on the camera you’re using and whether you can physically attach it to a stabilizer, but stabilizers are great for adding extra stability to your shots which makes the video look much more professional.
Don’t force it!
No matter how much time and effort you put into filming a travel vlog, if you don’t have something interesting to say, there’s no point, so make sure you take plenty of time to plan your travel vlogs but don’t force anything because that’s when bad videos happen.
So, there you have it: our top seven tips for beginner travel vloggers. Keep these in mind and your videos will be sure to impress – not only with their content but also with the level of professionalism that they exude. Remember, Rome wasn’t built in a day so don’t expect to become an expert overnight; start filming and editing your footage as soon as possible and learn from your mistakes. And above all else, have fun!
Given that Greece and its many islands are well-known for the clear, blue waters and tropical beaches rather than their sports, it may come as a surprise that there are some amazing golf courses in the country.
The island of Corfu, mountainous and filled with resort-style living, is a cosmopolitan area with stunning architecture, pretty beaches, and its trendy Old Town. It’s also home to one of the best-golfing spots in the country.
Here’s our Corfu Golf Course review so you know what to expect if you play around at this beautiful course.
Corfu Golf Course Quick Overview
Yardage: 6762 yards
Course Type: Traditional
Original Designers: Donald Harradine
Renovation: Andrew Mair
For who? Members & their guests
Dress Code: Traditional golfing attire
Driving Range? Yes
Putting Green? Yes
Resident Pro: Yes
Club Rental? Yes
Golf Cart Rental: Yes
Pull-Cart Rental: Yes
Metal Spikes Allowed? No
The course is designed to provide a challenge to both beginners and advanced golfers. There’s almost as much water as there is grass, which provides not only a stunning landscape but may also contribute to challenging gameplay.
On the fairways, you’ll find Penrose grass. The course is known to be a bit rough, but it adds to the charm. The gameplay is still amazing and the service is well-renowned and appreciated.
It has been designed to fit right into the natural surroundings of the Ropa Valley, and as such you’re likely to spot a variety of animals and birds.
As is normal with Greece, you’ll also be surrounded by history and mystery, with the first tee looking over the Nafsika river, which is said to be where a princess rescued the shipwrecked Odysseus.
Layout & Game Play
The course is relatively flat, so it’s easy to walk between holes. Wide fairways and only a couple of doglegs make it a good choice for beginner golfers who need to practice how to hit the golf ball straight.
But the water hazards and strategically-placed sand bunkers will provide a challenge for intermediate and experienced golfers as well. Many require precision so you don’t overshoot your shot and land up in the water.
Lakes come into play on multiple holes, and some holes will have you chipping over small streams. Hole number 7 features a stream that cuts the fairway in half and will require an accurate tee shot to avoid a splash.
Hole 5 features a severe dogleg to the left, which is the most curve of all the holes on this course. It finishes on an exciting 18th hole, featuring another strategically-located stream and a guarding bunker near the green.
The 6th hole is the signature of the Corfu Golf Course. It’s a par-4, with a slight dogleg to the right as you approach the green.
On the right-hand side, there’s a lake that’s shaped like Corfu, although you won’t be able to see this from your vantage point on the ground. It runs from the tee to the green, an ever-present hazard, but it can be avoided by playing straight and true.
A large bunker to the left of the green can trap wayward shots, but the finish is straightforward if you put thought into your approach.
Corfu Golf Club is also an excellent choice for beginners or families with kids. Their on-site Golf Academy offers top-notch golf lessons from the resident PGA golf pro, Jonathan Hunt.
You can choose from a ½-hour lesson, a 1-hour lesson, or a comprehensive action lesson as you play through the first 9 holes on the course. Both individual lessons and group lessons are offered, but take note that only 3 people can do the on-course lesson at one time.
Clubhouse & Pro Shop
As well as the Corfu Golf Course, the club features a 21,528 square foot clubhouse, designed by renowned Greek architect Nikos Hatzimichalis.
It’s made of hand-laid stone and has a stunning look and feel to it. Unlike many clubhouses in the US, this club brings character to the space with traditional Greek architecture and a proper European atmosphere.
Inside, there are changing and locker facilities, a lounge area, a large banquet space, and a balcony where you can sip on a drink and look out over the course. The restaurant offers Greek and Mediterranean cuisine.
The pro shop is well-stocked with brand-name items like golf shirts, hats, and golfing equipment. You can also rent clubs if you need to.
These stunning grounds are good for more than just great golf! Weddings are popular in this lovely spot, with the balcony and beautiful garden being used to accommodate large groups of people.
The Club places emphasis on creating a once-in-a-lifetime experience. Your personal style is taken into account and they cater to both Greek and Mediterranean tastes.
Other events (baptisms, conferences, and so on) are also easy to host at this amazing venue, and your guests will be wowed by the views over the course.
Corfu Golf Club may be out of the way, but it’s played host to some renowned tournaments. Two Hellenic International Championships and Nations Cups have been played on this course, as well as the Corfu Spring/Autumn Festival and International Seniors and Veterans Ladies Championship, and the Kedros Cup memorial tournament.
A European Men’s Club Cup and three European Ladies’ Club Trophy tournaments also chose Corfu as their destination. Corfu Golf Club also holds the International Αmateur Championship every year, which has been going on since 1975.
Golf Club Rates
Club rates are competitive and don’t forget you’ll need to pay in Euro if you’re from the US or another country that isn’t European.
18 holes: €55
9 holes: €35
3 days: €149
18 holes junior: €30
Final Notes about Corfu Golf Course
Corfu Golf Club offers great golf for players of all skill levels. The surroundings are spectacular, the golf is fun, and you can’t go wrong with an excellent Greek or Mediterranean meal at the clubhouse after a round.
If you’re planning on playing around at this amazing course, don’t forget to wear your best golf hat to protect yourself from the Greek sun!
About the Author
Jordan Fuller has played on golf courses across the country and internationally. He shares valuable information, tips, how-to’s, reviews, and resources on his website, Golf Influence.
The 12 Olympian gods are the most known deities in Greek Mythology, the oldest Mythology in Europe, and the most famous, and richest of all.
Olympos mountain is in Thessaly, a region north of Thermopylae, and it is the highest mountain in Greece. It was the home of the 12 ruling Gods.
These are the 12 most important gods of the Greek pantheon, the 12 Olympian gods which actually were the following 14!
Note: Hephaestos wasn’t a permanent Olympos resident and Hestia gave up her Olympian throne in favor of Dionysos. God’s tricks!
1- Dias or Zeus (Jupiter in Roman)
Zeus or Dias is the king of the gods in Greek mythology. He is the son of Cronus and Rhea and was born on the island of Crete. Zeus was known for his strength, power, and wisdom, and was often portrayed as a mature man with a thick beard and a lightning bolt in his hand. He could control the thunder and use it as a powerful weapon.
Zeus was one of the twelve Olympian gods and was the ruler of the sky and the weather. He was also the god of law and order and was responsible for upholding the moral code of the gods and punishing those who broke it. Zeus was often called upon to settle disputes among the gods and to protect the mortals who worshipped him.
Zeus was famous for his many love affairs and was known to have fathered many children. Some of his most famous children include Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Hermes, and Hercules.
Zeus was often worshipped in ancient Greece, with many temples and festivals dedicated to him. He was also one of the most frequently depicted gods in ancient Greek art, appearing in sculptures, pottery, and other forms of art.
Overall, Zeus was the most powerful and influential figure in Greek mythology, and his legacy, as the king of gods, continues to live in our times through literature, art, and popular culture.
2- Poseidon (Neptune in Roman)
Poseidon is the Greek god of the sea, earthquakes, and horses. In Roman mythology, he is known as Neptune. He is the son of Cronus and Rhea and is one of the twelve Olympian gods.
Poseidon was often depicted as a mature man with a beard, holding a trident, which was his signature weapon. He was known for his power and strength and was often associated with the sea and other bodies of water, as well as with earthquakes.
Poseidon was responsible for the creation of horses and was often depicted riding one. He was also associated with sea monsters, such as the Kraken, and was often depicted battling them.
In ancient Greece, Poseidon was worshipped as a powerful god, with many temples and festivals dedicated to him. He was often called upon by sailors and fishermen for protection during their voyages and was also worshipped by those who lived near the sea.
In mythology, Poseidon was known for his fierce temper and for his tendency to hold grudges. He was also known for his many love affairs and for fathering many children, including Triton, a merman who was often depicted with a fish tail and a conch shell.
Overall, Poseidon was one of the most powerful gods in Greek mythology, and his legacy continues to be felt in modern times through literature, art, and popular culture.
3- Hermes (Mercury in Roman)
Hermes is the Greek god of commerce, thieves, travelers, and athletes, and in Roman mythology, he is known as Mercury. He is the son of Zeus and Maia and is one of the twelve Olympian gods.
Hermes was often depicted as a youthful figure with winged sandals and a winged hat, which allowed him to move quickly and easily. He was known for his cunning and intelligence and was often called upon to deliver messages between the gods and mortals. Hermes was also associated with commerce and was often depicted carrying a purse or a staff with snakes wrapped around it, known as a caduceus.
In addition to being the messenger of the gods, Hermes was also the patron of travelers and thieves and was often called upon for protection during journeys. He was also associated with athletics and was often depicted carrying a ball or a lyre.
In ancient Greece, Hermes was worshipped as a powerful god, with many temples and festivals dedicated to him. His role as a messenger and guide also made him an important figure in the afterlife, where he was believed to guide the souls of the dead to the underworld.
Overall, Hermes was a multifaceted god with a wide range of responsibilities.
4- Hera (Juno in Roman)
Hera is an ancient Greek goddess and the queen of the Olympian gods. She was the daughter of the Titans Cronus and Rhea, and the sister and wife of Zeus, the king of the gods.
Hera was associated with marriage, childbirth, and the family, and she was revered as the protector of women and the goddess of fertility. She was often depicted as a majestic and beautiful woman, wearing a crown or a headdress and holding a scepter or a pomegranate.
In Greek mythology, Hera was a powerful and sometimes vengeful deity, known for her jealousy and wrath. She was frequently portrayed as a jealous wife, seeking revenge for Zeus’s many affairs and illegitimate children. She was also known for her involvement in many myths and stories, including the story of the Trojan War and the Labours of Hercules.
5- Hades (Pluto in Roman)
Hades, also known as Pluto in Roman mythology, is the god of the underworld in Greek mythology. He was the son of the Titans Cronus and Rhea and the brother of Zeus, Poseidon, Demeter, Hestia, and Hera. After the defeat of the Titans, Hades, and his brothers divided the world among themselves, with Hades receiving the underworld as his domain.
Hades was known for being a stern and serious god, and he was often depicted as a dark and brooding figure. He was also a feared god, as he was responsible for judging the souls of the dead and determining their fates in the afterlife. The underworld was a place of darkness, coldness, and silence, where the souls of the dead would reside for eternity.
In Greek mythology, Hades was often portrayed as a figure to be feared and respected, rather than worshipped. He was not depicted as a malevolent or evil god, but rather as a necessary and inevitable part of life and death. In some myths, Hades is depicted as a kidnapper, as he abducted the goddess Persephone and made her his queen in the underworld. This myth served to explain the changing seasons, as Persephone’s return to the surface each year brought the renewal of life and fertility to the world.
6- Dionysos (Bacchus in Roman)
Dionysos, also known as Bacchus in Roman mythology, was the god of wine, fertility, and ecstasy in ancient Greek mythology. He was the son of Zeus and the mortal princess Semele, and was said to have been born twice, once from his mother’s womb and once from Zeus’s thigh.
Dionysos was associated with grapevine and wine-making and was often depicted holding a wine cup or a bunch of grapes. He was also associated with fertility and was said to bring joy and ecstasy to his followers. In mythology, Dionysos was known for his wild and boisterous celebrations, known as the Dionysian Mysteries, where his followers would engage in orgiastic rituals and frenzied dancing.
Dionysos was often depicted as a complex and contradictory figure. He was seen as a liberator, freeing people from their inhibitions and societal constraints, but also as a destructive force, bringing madness and chaos. He was also associated with the underworld and the dead and was sometimes depicted as a chthonic god, dwelling beneath the earth.
In Roman mythology, Bacchus was worshipped in a similar manner to Dionysos and was also associated with wine, ecstasy, and fertility. The cult of Bacchus was popular throughout the Roman Empire and was often associated with the lower classes and marginalized groups.
7- Demeter (Ceres in Roman)
Demeter, also known as Ceres in Roman mythology, was the goddess of agriculture, fertility, and the harvest. She was the daughter of the Titans Cronus and Rhea and was the sister of Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Hestia, and Hera.
Demeter was associated with the fertility of the earth and the growth of crops and was worshipped by farmers and those who depended on the land for their livelihoods. She was often depicted holding a sheaf of wheat or a cornucopia, symbolizing the abundance and fertility of the earth.
In Greek mythology, Demeter was best known for her relationship with her daughter Persephone, who was abducted by Hades and taken to the underworld. Demeter searched for her daughter for nine days, neglecting her duties as a goddess and causing a drought that threatened the survival of the earth. Eventually, Zeus intervened and arranged for Persephone’s return to the surface for half of the year, during which time Demeter would allow crops to grow and flourish. The myth of Demeter and Persephone served as an explanation for the changing of the seasons.
In Roman mythology, Ceres was similarly associated with agriculture and the harvest and was also worshipped as a protector of women and the goddess of motherly love. Her worship was particularly popular among the Roman peasantry, who celebrated her festival of Cerealia each spring with feasting, games, and processions.
Apollo is an important deity in Greek mythology and is one of the twelve Olympian gods. He was the son of Zeus and the Titaness Leto and the twin brother of Artemis, the goddess of the hunt. Apollo was the god of music, poetry, prophecy, healing, and the sun.
Apollo was often depicted as a handsome and athletic young man with long hair, wearing a laurel wreath on his head and carrying a bow and arrows. He was known for his skill with the bow and arrow and was sometimes depicted as a god of archery and hunting. Apollo was also associated with the sun and was sometimes depicted as the driver of the sun chariot, which carried the sun across the sky each day.
In Greek mythology, Apollo was also known for his role as a patron of the arts, particularly music, and poetry. He was said to have invented the lyre, an ancient stringed instrument, and was often depicted playing it. He was also a god of prophecy, and his most famous oracle was at Delphi, where people would come to seek his advice and guidance.
Apollo was a complex and multifaceted deity, embodying many different aspects of Greek culture and mythology. He was often associated with light, truth, and beauty, but was also a god of vengeance and punishment. In some myths, he was depicted as a jealous and vengeful god, punishing mortals who dared to cross him or his family. Overall, Apollo was one of the most important and influential gods in Greek mythology, and his worship was widespread throughout the ancient world.
9- Ares (Mars in Roman)
Ares, known as Mars in Roman mythology, was the god of war, violence, and bloodshed in ancient Greek mythology. He was the son of Zeus and Hera and was one of the twelve Olympian gods.
Ares was often depicted as a strong and fierce warrior, wearing armor and carrying a spear or sword. He was seen as a god of brutality and violence and was associated with the chaos and destruction of war. In mythology, Ares was often portrayed as a bloodthirsty and impulsive god, who reveled in the violence of battle and had little regard for the lives of mortals.
Despite his reputation as a god of war, Ares was not universally respected in ancient Greek mythology. He was often portrayed as a coward and a bully, who was easily defeated by other gods and heroes. In particular, he was often humiliated by the goddess Athena, who was associated with strategic warfare and was a more respected and admired figure.
Overall, Ares was a complex and multifaceted deity, embodying both the destructive power of war and the protective and generative aspects of masculine power. His worship was an important part of ancient Greek culture, and his mythology continues to be studied and debated by scholars and enthusiasts today.
10- Artemis (Diana in Roman)
Artemis, known as Diana in Roman mythology, was the goddess of the hunt, wilderness, childbirth, virginity, and young women in ancient Greek mythology. She was the daughter of Zeus and the Titaness Leto, and the twin sister of Apollo, the god of music, poetry, and the sun.
Artemis was often depicted as a young and beautiful maiden with a bow and arrow, accompanied by a pack of hunting dogs or deer. She was a skilled huntress, and was also associated with the moon and night-time, and often depicted as a protector of young women and childbirth.
Artemis was a virgin goddess and was highly valued for her purity and chastity. She was often invoked by young women seeking to remain chaste or to ensure successful childbirth. In some myths, Artemis was also associated with healing and was said to have the power to cure diseases and injuries.
Overall, Artemis was a powerful and influential figure in ancient mythology, embodying the many facets of feminine power and wisdom. And her worship was an important part of ancient Greek and Roman culture.
11- Athena (Minerva in Roman)
Athena, known as Minerva in Roman mythology, was the goddess of wisdom, courage, strategy, civilization, and the arts and crafts in ancient Greek mythology. She was born fully grown and armored from the head of her father, Zeus, and was often depicted wearing armor and carrying a spear and shield.
Athena was considered one of the most important and powerful of the Greek gods and was often associated with justice, reason, and wisdom. She was also a patron of arts and crafts and was credited with inventing the plow, the loom, and other tools of civilization. In some myths, Athena was also associated with healing and was said to have the power to cure diseases and injuries.
Athena was often depicted as a strong and independent woman and was seen as a role model for young women in ancient Greece. She was known for her strategic thinking and was often invoked in times of war and conflict.
Overall, Athena was a complex and multifaceted deity, embodying many different aspects of ancient Greek culture. Her worship was an important part of ancient Greek society, and her mythology continues to be studied and appreciated today.
12- Aphrodite (Venus in Roman)
According to Hesiod, in his Theogony, Aphrodite was born from the foam of the sea when Cronos cut off the genitals of Uranos (his father) and threw them into the sea. The foam was pushed by Zephyros to the coast of Cyprus, so Aphrodite came out of the sea naked on the shores of Paphos.
Hence her name is from the word Aphros meaning foam and the verb anadiomai which means appear or emerge. Literally means the One who Emerged from the foam (of the sea).
There are more tales about the birth and later life of Aphrodite, many of them contradictory.
Aphrodite, known as Venus in Roman mythology, was the goddess of love, beauty, sexuality, and fertility in ancient Greek mythology. She was often depicted as a beautiful and seductive woman, with a girdle that had the power to make men fall in love with her.
Aphrodite was considered one of the most beautiful of the Greek goddesses and was known for her passionate and sensual nature. She was associated with both romantic and sexual love and was often depicted as a matchmaker, bringing couples together through her divine powers.
Aphrodite was also associated with fertility and childbirth and was often invoked by women seeking to become pregnant. In some myths, she was also associated with the sea and was said to have the power to calm storms and protect sailors.
Overall, Aphrodite was a powerful and influential figure in ancient mythology, embodying the many different aspects of love and beauty.
13- Hephaestos (Vulcan in Roman)
Hephaestus (Vulcan in Roman mythology), was the god of fire, metalworking, and crafts in ancient Greek mythology. He was born from Hera without the involvement of Zeus and was often depicted as a skilled craftsman, working at his forge and creating powerful weapons and tools for the gods.
Hephaestus was known for his expertise in metallurgy and was credited with inventing many important tools and devices, including the chariot, the plow, and the first robots. He was also associated with fire and volcanoes and was often depicted as a powerful and fearsome figure.
Despite his great skill, Hephaestus was often depicted as physically weak and deformed, with a limp and a crooked appearance. He was also known for his tempestuous relationship with his wife, Aphrodite, who was said to have had numerous affairs with other gods and mortals.
Overall, Hephaestus was an important and influential figure in Greek mythology, embodying the power and skill of the craftsman and the awe-inspiring force of fire and technology.
Despite his ugliness and deformation, he married Aphrodite who frequently cheated on him with her lover Ares, the god of war.
He could visit Olympos, but he didn’t live there, most of the time he stayed at home, on the island of Lemnos where he had his workshop.
14- Hestia (Roman Vesta)
Hestia was the goddess of the hearth, home, and family in ancient Greek mythology. She was one of the twelve Olympian gods and was considered one of the most important deities in the Greek pantheon.
Hestia was associated with the sacred fire that burned at the center of every home and was responsible for maintaining the spiritual and physical well-being of the household. She was often depicted as a gentle and nurturing figure and was highly respected for her purity and devotion.
Hestia was also associated with the concept of hospitality and was seen as the protector of travelers and strangers. In ancient Greece, it was customary to honor Hestia before and after meals and to offer a portion of food to the hearth fire as a symbol of respect and gratitude.
Overall, Hestia was a powerful and influential figure in ancient Greek mythology, embodying the importance of home, family, and hospitality.
Minor Gods and other Deities
Greek Gods and Goddesses are countless. Ancient Greeks had deities for every natural phenomenon, like rain, night, moon, trees, lakes, rivers, mountains, sea, storms, thunder, love, hate, fear, passion, betrayal, jealousy, literally anything you can think of. The tales behind these deities are thousands as ancient Greeks saw their Gods with all kinds of human defects, human weaknesses, and passions.
We are not going to mention every deity, every monster, every human-form monster, or a human-animal hybrid of Greek mythology here, because they are countless, but keep an eye on our site as we will publish soon more fascinating stories with tales from Greek mythology.
Greek gods are so many that if someone wants to gather all the stories about them it would need a lifetime, there is no natural thing in this world without a deity behind it as the ancient Greeks left absolutely nothing without a divine explanation.
How many creatures in Greek mythology do you know? I’m sure that most of you have heard of the Minotaur, Scylla, and Charybdis, as well as the Centaurs and the Cyclops. Possibly you know even more, but here we will meet none of the above but 6 of the most terrible monsters that ever existed in Greek mythology.
Simply by traveling to the deep chambers of the earth where they are hidden, waiting perhaps for their chance to rise again into the world of the living.
Forgotten Monsters of Greek mythology
Today we will not talk about the famous fantastic creatures that have appeared in movies and books countless times. Instead, we will try to find the monsters that were once mighty, powerful, and terrible, but now have been forgotten.
There are many of them, so we will not find them all. But we will definitely get a picture of a different, fantastic mythological world of bronze-age Greece that has remained invisible.
The rich Greek mythology covers a huge range of fiction. In its stories, you will find countless witches, monsters, elves, demons, ghosts, giants and dwarfs, winged dragons and horses, enchanted objects, and mechanical beings.
Fantastic creatures really strange for a 21st-century human mind, but at the time they were born and many centuries later they were considered real.
Some said that they saw them, some heard them and some were destroyed or saved by them, most of these creatures are featured in the tales about the labors of ancient Greek heroes.
For the human of antiquity, his mythology was his history, his religion, and his teaching, in short, a part of his daily life.
That is why we should not be impressed that many of these strange mythological beings, such as the Lamies, the Dragons, and others survived until today and are still alive in the newest legends and folk tales of the Greek tradition.
Monsters of Greek Mythology are not dead, they are just imprisoned in deep caves from which they can not escape, unless…someone releases them!
We just want to meet them, so we have to travel deep into the earth using, where necessary, a lot of our imagination.
A fantastic trip in the depths of the Earth
But let’s talk no more, and let’s start the descent, we will go back, we will sink into the depths of our mind, to its unknown side, where the subconscious resides.
In search of these strange mythological creatures, we will travel to the space-time of fantasy. In these deep caves, we will find everything gathered. So let’s move on!
We are already inside the cave. It is slightly illuminated by the torch we are holding. The light from its flames in combination with the stalactites forms strange eerie shadows.
Ancient words are engraved on its walls, in unknown languages that once existed or have not existed yet. A smell of dirt and moisture is around and water drips from the top, while whispers are heard all around.
It’s about time to start the long descent. We will find seven levels here and we will go very deep down. What did you think? The long-lost imaginary creatures are not so easy to find.
Apatee – The goddess of Deception
So we reached the first level. It is difficult as the place is getting dark and narrow. It leads us to an opening that is the entrance of the first chamber.
We first insert our heads and look carefully inside.
There is a woman-like creature sitting in the center. She has snakes instead of hair, bat wings come out of her back and her hands end up in lighted torches.
There are other engravings around the walls, depicting her with fingers from vipers or whips. She looks at us with glowing eyes.
She looks like Erinyes, goddesses of Curse and Revenge. She is no other than Apatee, the goddess of Deception, the personification of deception, deceit, and falsehood.
Apatee (according to Hesiod) was a Greek primordial deity who represented deceit and trickery.
She was the daughter of Erebos (Darkness) and Nyx (Night).
She was associated with a number of other deities, such as her half-sister Themis (Justice) and her brothers Dolos (Guile), Momos (Blame), and Oizys (Distress).
Apatee was said to have been responsible for deceiving the gods and mortals alike, making them believe lies and deceptions.
Her schemes could often be so convincing that even the gods were fooled, though they eventually saw through her plans and punished her accordingly.
In some versions of Greek mythology, it was said that she had helped Zeus to win the Great War against the Titans by sowing confusion among the enemy ranks.
Apatee’s power over deception is seen throughout many Greek myths and stories. She is sometimes seen assisting the gods, such as when she aided in creating chaos that ultimately led to the fall of Troy.
Other myths recount tales of Apatee using her powers against unsuspecting mortals. She is often linked with other figures who are known for their cunning and trickery, such as Hermes, Odysseus, and Circe.
The name Apatee is thought to come from the Greek words apatês, meaning “deception”, and apatao, meaning “to cheat” or “to deceive”.
The goddess is closely associated with several epithets related to her power over deception, such as Apatêtos (Deceiver), Apatorema (Cheater), and Apataemia (Deception).
With her hand she shows us a recess in the rock, from there we have to go if we want to continue even lower.
Argos or Panoptis
We follow her advice, and we reach the second chamber. A huge creature is waiting for us. A shepherd monster with a hundred eyes, a creature trained to guard people and animals.
His name is Argos (which means “bright”) or Panoptis (“The one who sees everything”), just remember the words optics and panoptic.
It makes sense if you consider that he had eyes everywhere, in front of and behind his head and all over his body, while they say that when he slept, he only closed half of them while the rest kept him awake.
He was a descendant of Okeanos and Tethys and one of the most terrible monsters of Greek mythology.
Historian Ferekidis records that his eyes were only four, two in front and two behind (plus one that was placed on his neck by Hera, the wife of Zeus), while others claim that they were infinite.
Aeschylos calls him “Myriopon voutan”, which means “the million-eyed herdsman”
The only time that Argos fell asleep was when, watching the transformed into a cow Io on behalf of Hera (so that Zeus could not make her a woman again), Hermes, sent by Zeus, put him to sleep with his flute and killed him with his sword.
Argos was owned by the deity Hera and guarded her secret places when she was away.
Its good to mention here that Io was a beautiful woman, a mistress of Dias, therefore the jealous Hera transformed her into a cow and set Argos to guard her, but after Argos’s death, the cow Io started running across the earth like crazy after being bitten by Oιstros, a large horsefly sent by Hera.
Here, the ancients wanted to explain the presence of the horseflies in cows and horses…very artistic conception indeed.
The giant all-seeing monster was slain by the hero Heracles (Hercules) as one of his Twelve Labours. In some myths, Heracles blinded Argos before killing him.
After his death, Hera in sorrow decided to honor him by depicting his eyes on the peacock’s tail, one of the birds-symbol of Hera, and the starry sky.
You see, reading Greek Mythology we discover so many peculiar things, even horseflies as punishers!
The Hecatoncheires (Men with Hundred hands)
The further we go, the heavier we get. And at the same time, we feel that we are slowly disappearing into space.
We are in the third chamber now. It is incredibly big. It does not seem to have a roof over it, only deep darkness.
Three huge giants are standing in front of us.
(Greek: Ἑκατόγχειρες, Hekatoncheires, also known as the Hundred-Handed Ones) were three giants of incredible strength and ferocity, ugly as they say, and bad characters mentioned in the religious texts of ancient Greek mythology.
They were the offspring of Gaea (Earth) and Uranus (Heaven), and their names were Cottus, Briareos, and Gyges.
All three had fifty heads and one hundred arms, which made them incredibly powerful. They were later imprisoned by their father Uranus in Tartara(Tartarus), a region of the underworld.
They symbolized the uncontrollable forces of nature and especially the formed clouds.
Little is known about the Hecatoncheires themselves, except that they were very strong and could cause great destruction with their hundred arms.
They were said to have bluish skin, though this is uncertain as they are never described in detail.
Their role in mythology is most often overshadowed by their brethren, the Cyclopes, who were featured more prominently in various tales.
The Hecatoncheires are sometimes mentioned alongside other mythological figures like the Titans and Cronus, as well as various monsters like the Chimera or Minotaur.
Ultimately, however, they are seen as powerful but ultimately forgotten characters in Greek mythology.
Zeus liberated them so they could fight to support him in the great war of the gods against the Titans. In the end, they became the captives of the Titans in Tartarus. Maybe they still guard the Titans down there.
Phantasos: The monster that could take any form
We move even lower. Into the fourth chamber. It looks empty but it’s not.
On the walls around are carved all the dreams that man has ever seen or will see. At its center, there is a strange creature without a clear form.
Its name is Phantasos, a being who has the ability to transform into any inanimate thing, real or imagined, and to present himself to humans in any form he wished.
Son of Hypnos(the god of Sleep), and the Pasithea, one of the Charites (Graces).
His brothers were the god of dreams Morpheus(Who could take the form and imitate the voice of every human being) and Phoebus or Phobetor (who could imitate any animal).
Phantasos were believed to be a shapeshifter, often taking the form of animals or birds. He is also associated with fantasy and imagination.
He was revered as a god of creativity and ideals, allowing mortals to escape reality through their dreams and visions.
But we do not sleep now, so we do not see it clearly, and he does not even know if we have a human form, so he can’t harm us.
Empousa: The one who penetrates
From a small hole, we keep going down lower and lower.
We reach the fifth chamber. Whispers and murmurs surround us.
At one end there is a strange creature. She looks like a woman, but she has only one leg, where she wears a bronze sandal and she has donkey dicks.
Her name is Empousa (“The one who penetrates”), she is considered the daughter of the goddess of the underworld Hecate goddess of witchcraft, who as they say often left the Underworld at night and ascended to the world of the living.
Her face lit up as if it is on fire, and she could take the form of an animal and or a beautiful woman. Her purpose is to seduce travelers in deserted places, leading them to a bad end (you do not want details, believe me).
The only defense against her is said to have been swearing.
The dwarf demons Daktyloi (Fingers) or Idaioi
We are moving forward, now we are moving almost intangibly. We have to hurry because the lower we go, the more we get lost.
We are in the sixth chamber. Some creatures in the form of low rocks are here.
Mountain dwarf demons with magical qualities, but also they are great metallurgists.
People say that they jumped from the ground when the Titaness Rhea put her fingers in the ground, as she was giving birth to Zeus. Five women came out of her left hand and five men from the right and they stood there next to her as assistants in childbirth. However, there is no clear evidence as to the origin of these mysterious figures, and their mythology has been lost through time.
They are called Daktyloi or Idaioi, The name comes from the Greek daktylos, meaning “finger,” suggesting their small size.
According to some sources they may have been related to similar figures from other cultures such as the dakini in India and the aluxob in Latin America, who both have close associations with magic and mystery.
The Daktyloi of Eleusis were mythological figures in classical Athens, dating back to the 6th century BCE.
According to myth, they were a race of dwarf demons who protected the Mysteries of Eleusis, a set of secret ceremonies that were at the heart of the mystery cult at Eleusis.
They were said to have taken the form of snakes, dogs, and eagles with the ability to fly.
According to some accounts, they could even enter human bodies and control them.
They got their name either because they jumped out of the holes in the ground made by the goddess’s fingers or because they were small like finger-length, but they were great craftsmen.
It is said that later it was these women who went to the island of Samothrace and there began their worship ceremonies, the Mysteries of Daktyloi (Fingers) – which they later became the Kaverian mysteries. The maple leaf symbolized the five Fingers, that is, the palm of Rhea.
According to Strabo, they numbered from three to one hundred. Others report twenty right-handed blacksmiths and thirty left-handed women witches.
They are quite often identified with the Kerkopes, a small race of demonic beings who lived, they say, in Asia Minor.
But we have said a lot and it is time to continue.
The mighty Typhon, the father of all monsters
And here we are in the last chamber, the seventh.
Our torch is about to go out, but in the shadows, something fades.
It is the strongest and largest imaginary creature that has ever walked the earth. The son of the god of the abyss Tartarus and Gaia, He is the mighty Typhon. The father of all monsters of Greek mythology.
He is described as being a giant humanoid, with a hundred dragon heads on the tips of his serpentine hands, which were so long (a hundred leagues each, they say) that one reached the ends of the world while his feet were said to touch the depths of Tartarus.
He was a powerful force of destruction and could spew fire from his many heads.
Tall to the stars and with huge wings that when opened cover the sky. From the middle and above in the form of a man and from the middle and below like two coiled echidnas(snakes). With long hair and a beard on every head while the rest of the body is covered by its wings.
Many say they had seen him with a huge donkey head and eyes throwing fire, a mouth firing hot rocks, and a voice as if thousands of people and animals and birds and reptiles were screaming at the same time.
Typhon’s awful children
His children were Cerberus, the Lernaean Hydra, the Lion of Nemea, the Chimera, and the Sphinx of Thebes.
After the war of the Titans, he was the one who fought against Zeus to seize power but lost.
The bloodshed by the mortally wounded Typhon gave its name to the mountain range of Aimos that delimits the Balkan peninsula (as Aima is the word for blood in Greek).
It is said that he was buried under the volcano of Mount Etna in Sicily together with Egelados( the god of earthquakes).
According to Hesiod, the windstorms are children of Typhon.
Finally, Typhon is said to symbolize the last resistance of the savage and uncontrollable forces of nature against the enforcement of the order of natural laws. Maybe that’s why we had to go so deep to find him.
Time to return, before we get completely lost and forgotten in the dark caves and labyrinthine basements we have dived into. Take a deep breath and time counts backward. We return today. In our place and present time.
We got only a little taste of those awful creatures that are hidden in the sanctuaries of the collective subconscious.
And there are many caves, underground labyrinths, and galleries down there that in a unique way connect the various mythologies all over the world.
But we will talk about more creatures and even more deadly monsters of Greek mythology on another fantastic trip. For now, I hope you do not panic the next time you enter a cave…
No visit to Greece is complete without a trip to the Acropolis of Athens. Read our guide for insider tips and handy information to get the most out of your trip and see ancient history come alive.
For visitors looking to take a trip through time to see Greece’s rich ancient history, the Acropolis of Athens is undoubtedly the place to begin the journey.
The country’s most intriguing archaeological site will dazzle you with its ancient splendor and bring the past to life before your eyes. Perched like a jungle jim upon a rocky outcrop overlooking the capital, the Acropolis teems with stunningly preserved ancient architecture that’s stood for thousands of years.
Visitors to Athens simply have to pay it a visit, where every paving stone tells a story, and legend lay in wait around every corner. We’ve put together the perfect guide for anyone visiting the site, to help make your visit to the Acropolis of Athens simply unforgettable.
What is the Definition of “Acropolis”?
“Acropolis” is an ancient Greek word for any settlement or city built on top of a hill. It’s a compound of “acro” (meaning “edge”) and “polis” (meaning “city”).
Although the term was technically applied to every settlement built on high ground at the time, the fame of the Acropolis of Athens is such that when you say “acropolis” to a Greek person, it’s the only site they’ll think of.
During the time of Ancient Greece, it was more formally referred to as “Cecropia”, named after the first king of Athens, the legendary Cercops.
Short History of the Acropolis of Athens
The Acropolis of Athens is situated on a large hill that’s been a site of human habitation since 5000 BC.
However, the iconic Parthenon structure that’s world-famous today was constructed around 500 BC by the politician Pericles during Athen’s historical golden age.
Since then, the Acropolis has been the host of various religious sites to Greek gods, the Virgin Mary, and even a mosque.
Despite being badly damaged in a war between Venice and the Ottoman Empire in 1687, the site is remarkably well preserved, and decades of restoration efforts still continue today.
The Monuments of the Acropolis
The Acropolis hosts dozens of sites of historical interest, and we’d urge visitors to seek all of them out during their trip.
Built-in 432 BC, the Propylae is the iconic marble construction that you will pass through as you enter from up the hill, from where you can go on to see the temple to Apteros Nike and Erechthion.
Smaller buildings include the Vravronio of Artemis, the theater honoring Dionysus, and the Great Conservatory.
There’s also the famous Holy Rock, where kings and emperors would bring rich tributes worth more than a 300 % casino bonus in order to win the gods’ favor.
However, there is one structure that stands above all others, historically and physically, and is truly one of the greatest wonders of the ancient world.
Originally a temple to the goddess of wisdom Athena, the Parthenon was one of the largest construction projects in the history of Ancient Greece. Its construction marked a high point of the so-called “Golden Age of Athens” in the 5th Century BC, during which Athens became the seat of power and culture in the region.
The massive columned structure is one of the few ancient Greek temples constructed entirely from marble, notable for the decorations carved by the famous sculptor Pheidias.
These designs, known as metopes, depict epic scenes from legendary battles and great mythology. Sadly, many of the incredible sculptures that once filled the Parthenon have been destroyed or looted during the intermittent conflicts that befell the city. But the architectural magnificence of the building still has the power to awe visitors with its incredible grandeur.
The Temple of Athena Nike
At the southwestern edges of the site, you’ll find the temple of Athena Nike. Though modest compared to its neighbors, the temple has plenty of outstanding architectural features for visitors to enjoy. It was built for worshiping the ancient deity Nike, the god of victory and, according to Greek mythology, a close companion of the goddess Athena. Interestingly, it’s the same Nike that the world-famous sports shoe company took its name from!
Directions to the Acropolis of Athens for Visitors
Fortunately for guests, the Acropolis is bang smack in Athens’ city center, just a couple of minutes on foot from Monastiraki Square. You can also jump on the metro and take the red line to Acropolis Station. During the summer, opening hours are between 8:00 AM to 20:00 PM, and entry costs €20 for the whole site. Be sure to visit the Acropolis Museum for an up-close look at many of the ancient artifacts dating back directly to the site.
Tips for Visiting the Acropolis
Visiting the Acropolis is a big deal, and it pays to make the right preparations to get the maximum value from the experience. Follow these handy tips to get the most out of your trip to the Acropolis of Athens:
Dress for comfort: It’s a good idea to wear layers for your trip to the Acropolis, since the Athenian weather can go from chilly to scorching, depending on the time of your visit. Wear comfy shoes with good grip, since some parts of the site can have uncertain terrain.
Plan for the heat: Athens can become unbelievably hot, particularly in the middle of the afternoon. Don’t go anywhere without sunglasses, a sun hat, and a bottle of sunscreen. Also, be sure to take more water than you think you’ll need.
Travel light: Since large pieces of luggage aren’t allowed in the Acropolis, you’ll need to travel light with small rucksacks and handbags. This is a good idea anyway since you don’t want to trek up the hill to the Acropolis with big weights on your back.
Time your trip correctly: Make an early start on your trip to the Acropolis of Athens. Not only will you beat the crowds, but you can also finish your visit before the intense afternoon heat makes sightseeing uncomfortable. Alternatively, you can visit the site an hour or two before closing time, to enjoy the surroundings under the beauty of an Athenian sunset.
Take your time: Your visit to the Acropolis of Athens is something to savor, so don’t rush your way through the site when you arrive. There’s so much to take in when visiting this historical wonder, and you won’t want to miss any of it.
Visit the Acropolis Museum: Admittedly, the big attraction of the Acropolis is the stunning architecture, but visiting the museum lets you get an up-close look at many fascinating artifacts that will help bring the site’s history to life.
Conclusion: Relive Ancient History at the Acropolis of Athens
When talking about essential sites to visit in Greece, much less Athens, the Acropolis has to be at the top of the list. Follow these tips to make sure you get the most out of your visit in style and comfort for a memory you can treasure forever. Have you visited the Acropolis before? Is there any advice you’d give to people wanting to visit? Let us know in the comments section below.
Thomas Glare is an acclaimed traveler who has visited more than 45 countries in his life. He has enough experience to fill an entire bookshelf in the library! He used to work as a bicycle team leader for a travel company, but now he works part-time as a copywriter and writes about all sorts of things.