Greek Theogony: The Victory of Gods against Titans

Last updated on May 12th, 2022 at 09:19 pm

Theogony in Greek Mythology

We, the Hellenes, have our Theogony, some refer to it as Cosmogony because it also deals with the creation of Cosmos(The Greek word for the Universe), which is part of Hellenic(Greek) mythology.

Every ancient religion has a kind of Theogony. The Greek Theogony was an epic poem consisting of more than a thousand lyrics, written by Hesiodos (Hesiod).

It was quite rich in stories, with wars between Gods and Titans, most of them amusing and a little naive.

The Greek word Theogonia comes from Theos=God and Gonos=offspring, also there is the word Genos that means Race, the race of Gods. Genesis is simply birth and fits better with the birth of the Universe.

These tales were passed from generation to generation and skewed from mouth to mouth. They deal with the birth of the Universe(Cosmos, therefore can be called Cosmogony as well), but mostly with the birth(Genesis in Greek) of Titans and Gods.

Hesiod was an epic poet like Homer. He collected all these tales and wrote the Theogony around 700 BCE as an epic poem. This happened long after the two epic poems of Homer who wrote the Iliad and Odyssey around 762 BCE, and long after the Trojan war.

Hesiod tried to collect all the myths that circulated in Greece regarding the creation of the world and the birth of Gods. Ηe also tried to decipher the genealogical tree of the Gods out of these myths.

So, Theogony, Cosmogony, or Genesis? Name it as you wish.

Order out of Chaos

In the beginning, there was only one element, Chaos, an entity without a beginning or end that emerged just after the Big Bang, so big that it covered everything in the Universe(Cosmos). Everybody knows that Chaos can be anything and nothing.

At the same moment, two deities appeared instantly, Chronos which is the start of time and space, and Anangee, which is the need for Creation.

And then came…the Greeks, to set order out of Chaos, to give a meaning and a name to all of their fantastic creations because Gods and religions are all human mind creations and nothing more.

The Greeks created the Gods, the Titans, the myths, and generally everything in the Cosmos as we know it.

But let’s take things in order as depicted in Τheogonia.

Titan’s and God’s family tree

According to Hesiod’s Theogony, there were three generations of Gods.

The Primordial Gods, the Titans, and the Olympians.

The Genealogy of Gods according to Greek Theogony
The Genealogy of Gods according to Greek Theogony

The Primordial Gods

Out of Chaos, seven Deities appeared, Gaia(mother earth) which was the most important of the primordial Gods, Eros, Tartarus the original God of the underworld, Erebus the God of darkness, and Nyx the God of night.

Also, two other deities that existed from the beginning of time as we describe above, Chronos which started the Time and means the old father time, and Anangee, the Greek word for a need that had the meaning of Destiny and was the cause of creation.

These were the 7 first deities that appeared in the Universe according to the people of the early bronze age!

From Gaia without fertilization came three other Gods, Ouranos(Sky), the Pontos(Sea), and the Orea(Mountains).

Nyx was also inspired by Eros and mated with Erebos giving birth to Etheras and Hemera(Day).

Gaia created Ouranos(the Sky), and we all know that the Sky surrounds the Earth like a lover surrounds his beloved, so naturally, Gaia and Ouranos became a couple, and from them came the Cyclopes which were monsters with one big eye, the Heckatoncheires monsters with hundred hands each, and most importantly the twelve Titans.

From Tartaros the god of the underworld comes several monsters such as Cerberus the three-headed dog that guards the gates of the underworld or hell, the Dragon from which Jason and the Argonauts stole the Golden Fleece, and the Sphinx who had the face of a human the body of a lion and the wings of a bird.

We must note here that for the ancients there was no hell, the underworld was a dark place where the souls just ended there and existed without being able to affect the living world. No hell with the Christian meaning.

Some of the other famous monsters from Greek mythology came from Pontos the original God of the sea.
These include the Harpies, the Sirenes(Sirens), and the Gorgons. The most famous Gorgon was of course Medusa who had snakes for her hair. One look at her face would turn anyone to stone.

The descendants of Pontos also include the Graies They are three old witches who share an eye and a tooth and can see the future. Graies in modern Greek means the old women, nothing changed since the bronze age!

Finally from Pontos comes Nereus, another important sea god sometimes known as the old lord of the sea. He’s the father of the Neerides(Nereids) a large group of female sea nymphs.

Another large group of deities that fall under the primordial category is those that came from Erebos and Nyx.
These include Charon the ferryman to the underworld as well as several other figures.

But from Nyx comes also another big group of primordial deities that were the personification of human fears and concepts, these are Moros(Doom), Thanatos(Death), Oneira(Dreams), Nemesis(Devine Judgment), Momos(Blame), Phillies(Affection), Geeras(Aging), Eris(Dispute), Apatee(Deceit), Zophos(Distress), Moirae(Fates), and Hypnos(Sleep).

Children of Hypnos are Phorkys, Phobetor(scarecrow), Icelos, and Phantasos(Phantasy).

The Titans and the birth of the Gods

The second generation of Gods are the Titans, children of Gaia and Ouranos and there are 12 of them.

We have Oceanos, God of the ocean, and Tethys goddess of the rivers. Oceanos take the place of Pontus in this second generation of gods and along with his sister Tethys are the parents
of the Oceanides, a large group of sea goddesses many of whom were the mothers of other important Gods which we’ll get to later.

Next, we have Hyperion, God of light, and Theia Goddess of the ether. From them comes Helios(Sun) the original God of the Sun, and Selene the original goddess of the moon.

Coeos with Phoebe gives birth to Asteria(the group of stars), Leto, and two of the most important Olympian Gods, Artemis and Apollo.

Some of the twelve Titans are grouped as couples but some are not, one that is not is Krios who married a daughter of Pontos, and from them came Pallas the original God of War.

Pallas married Sphynx and together they were the parents of 4 children, Kratos(in recent years State) which for the ancient Greeks means Strength, Nike the Goddess of Victory, Zelea the Goddess of Jealousy, and Via, the Goddess of Violence, Force.

We then have the most important couple between Titans, the couple of Cronos, God of the harvest, and Rhea, goddess of fertility. It is important because they were the parents of some of the Olympians including Dias.

The other four Titans are Themis, Mnemosyne, Dione, and Iapetos.

Iapetos is perhaps the most important of the last 4 because he was the father of Atlas, the God who is often shown holding a globe on his back, as well as the father of Prometheus and Epimetheus Gods of foresight and hindsight.

Prometheus is the God who created mankind and gave fire to humans and Epimetheus is the God who married the first woman Pandora.

Let’s get back to Cronos and Rhea because they are the king and queen of the gods in this second generation of Titans.

Ouranos and Gaia were originally the main gods but according to one Greek myth they were replaced by Cronos and Rhea because of the following sequence of events.

For some reason Ouranos didn’t like his sons with Gaia, Hecatoncheires, remember the men with the hundred hands? and decided to banish them deep within the Gaia(Earth) which both hurt and angered.

Gaia, therefore, made a giant sickle and tell the Titans to castrate their father Ouranos.

Cronos who was the youngest of the Titans was the only one brave enough to do so.

He was successful and from the blood of Ouranos came the Furies, goddesses of vengeance, the three nymphs Meliae, as well as several Giants, the Erinyes, and according to some versions the Goddess of love Aphrodite out of the foam around the genitals of Ouranos that were thrown in the sea near the island of Cyprus.

Because of this act, Cronos and his sister and partner Rhea became the new king and queen of the Gods, but foolishly Cronos decided to continue the banishment of the Hecatoncheires just like his father had done and therefore it was prophesied that one of Crono’s children would eventually defeat him just like he had defeated his father because of this.

Cronos was very much scared of his children and therefore decided to eat each of them as soon as they were born.

The couple had six children. These children would eventually become the third and final generation of Gods known as the Olympians.

The first five were all eaten by Cronos, but when the sixth child named Dias was born Rhea decided to play a trick on Cronos, she wrapped up a rock and gave it to Cronos, and instead of the baby Cronos ate the rock thinking it was Dias and therefore Rhea was able to hide Dias in a safe place until the time he was old enough to launch a war against his father.

The Titanomachy – Clash of the Titans

Dias or Zeus grows up with the help of the Nymphs who raised the newborn feeding him with the milk of a goat. The name of the goat was Amalthea.

Soon he became strong enough to challenge his father, He managed to cut open Crono’s stomach and release his brothers and sisters, he freed the Hecatoncheires and made them his allies in the war against the Titans.

According to another myth, he just gave a magic potion to Kronos and forced him to vomit his children. Of course, his brothers were alive in the stomach of Kronos since they were immortal as gods.

Thus Dias formed a group of Gods, half of them being his brothers and sisters and the rest being his children, along with an older deity Aphrodite.

In the Titanomachy, some of the Titans were sided with the Gods, including Aphrodite who was a Titaness, the three brothers Promitheas, Epimetheus, and Atlas sons of Iapetos, and the Titaness Mnemosyne who then became one of Zeus’ mistresses.

The Gods led by Zeus prevailed, and the defeated Titans were exiled to Tartara(Tartarus in Roman), a dark and miserable place very far away from the Earth, with the Hecatoncheires to be their guards.

That war is also known as the Clash of the Titans and as prophesied Zeus was able to defeat Cronos thus becoming the third and final king of the Gods.

The 12 Olympian Gods

The first five children of Rhea who were freed from their father’s stomach were Poseidon, Demeter, Hera, Hades(Plouton) who became the new god of the underworld, and Hestia.

Poseidon married one of the Nereids and became the new God of the sea, Demeter took over Cronos’s role and became the goddess of the harvest.

Dias of course became the king of the Gods but was also the new God of the sky and in particular the God of thunder. He settled along with his siblings on the top of mount Olympus from where he ruled the world.

He married his sister Hera who became queen of the Gods and was the Goddess of women.

Hades or Plouton became the new God of the underworld and Hestia became the goddess of the hearth.

Athena became the Goddess of wisdom from which the city of Athens takes its name, she was the daughter of Dias with his first wife Metis one of the Oceanids.

With his wife, Hera Dias had Hephaestus, the God of fire, and Ares, the God of War.

Hermes is a son of Dias and Maia who was a daughter of Atlas. He is the messenger of the Gods and is the one with the wings on his helmet, he also serves many other roles though and because of this, he’s considered both an earth God and a Sky God.

Dionysos was Dia’s son after his affair with Semele, one of the Oceanic nymphs and he is the God of wine and celebrations.

Finally, we have Apollo, the new god of the sun, and Artemis the Goddess of the moon. Their mother was Leto, one of the thousands of Dia’s mistresses, the daughter of Titans Coios and Phoebe.

Apollo was also the god of medicine and the arts and Artemis the Goddess of hunting

So, the Olympian Gods were the 5 brothers and sisters of Dias, plus 7 of his children with Hera and other women, plus Aphrodite, who according to another myth was his daughter and not the deity we described above coming out from the foam of the sea.

The main Titans were 12, so Olympians should be also 12 for the magic number to fulfill.

But counting the Gods their number is 14, but no worries, Hesiod took care of this… inconsistency, Hestia gave up her Olympian throne in favor of Dionysos, and Hephaestus most of the time lived on his island Lemnos where he had his workshop.

Theogony doesn’t end here, there are thousands of other siblings, minor gods, demigods, and many offspring of Dias, who was cheating on Hera continuously.

From Dias and his affair with Titaness Mnemosyne, there were 9 Muses born, nymphs of music and arts.

Dias was the father of Epaphos after his relationship with Io, also the Father of Hebe, Enyo, and Eileithyia with Hera, and the father of the most important hero Heracles after his affair with Oceanid Alcmene.

Other Gods also had children, Aris, the God of war had a long-time affair with Aphrodite and gave birth to Harmonia, Anteros, Himeros, Deimos, and Phobos, you remember the two small satellites of Aris(Mars)?

Hermes with Aphrodite also had five children, Tyche(Luck), Rhode, Peitho(Convince), Evnomia, and Hermaphroditos(a human with both sexes)

The Gigantomachy

Gods had to face another challenge though, the Giants, children of Ouranos.

Therefore there was another war, the Gigantomachy that lasted equally long.

Finally, the Gods beat them all and settled on their Palace at the top of Olympos mountain in Thessaly from where they ruled the world.

Conclusion

As you can see, the ancient Gods of the Greeks were nothing but the personifications of human passions, fears, and emotions that are still alive and dominate our lives to this day.

We see that human passions and mostly the fears of human nature are dominating the Theogony, most deities were the personifications of human fears and anxieties, deeply human feelings as their names reveal.

Ancient Greek religion has nothing to do with today’s religions, Greek Mythology was the bible of ancient religion but completely different. It is a hymn to human feelings and fearless about any fake vengeful god, it was a philosophy rather than a religion.

Today, of course, nobody believes in the gods of Ancient Greece. But their stories are so fascinating and entertaining that still around, and they live on just like the best of tales that the human mind ever made.
They are sources of inspiration. Let’s imagine an epic movie film where Zeus never left a woman unsatisfied, that would be a fantastic production!

As you noticed, on this page we have some planet photos with their original Greek Gods’ names, rejecting the Roman copies because this is what Roman gods are, stolen copies and not equivalents as claimed by unhistorical Western historians. And because this is how we call them in Greece and this is how everybody should call them.

Top Pet-Friendly Airlines Around the World

A dog with his ticket in hands(mouth)
A dog with his ticket in hands(mouth)

Are you wondering what is the best airline to fly with pets?

Simple.

The best airline to fly with pets is an airline that has the same priorities as you — the comfort of your pet.

Ernest Hemingway said, “Never go on trips with anyone you do not love.”

We say never go on trips without those you love. And why should you when so many airlines are now accommodating pets! Want to know about the top pet-friendly airlines around the world?

Let’s jump right in!

Dog in his travel bag
Dog in his travel bag

Air Canada

If your search history has questions such as “what is the best airline to fly with pets,” here’s your answer.

Air Canada allows cats, dogs, and service animals on Air Canada and Air Canada Rouge-operated flights, as well as on Jazz-operated Air Canada Express flights.

The airline has pet carrier guidelines and classifies the carrier as a standard item included in your carry-on baggage.

They also allow your pet to travel in the cabin, but only if the restrictions imposed by the airlines are met.

Air Canada is one of the best large dog-friendly airlines. With a cabin weight limit of up to 100 pounds.

Their one-way travel prices range from 50-59 CAD/USD within Canada and the US (except Hawaii), and international flights for one-way travel may cost 100-118 CAD/USD.

ALSO READ: Traveling With Pets This Holiday? 7 Things To Pack

Passenger with her dog
Passenger with her dog

Air France

Another reliable airline for pet owners, Air France allows cats, dogs, and service animals in the cabin, cargo hold, or by freight. However, they have specific travel regulations for each transport method.

You are also required to carry an approved pet container that is comfortable for your pet. Animal crates aren’t accepted in the cabin, and passengers must keep their pets in a special closed travel bag. The bag should be flexible and not plastic. You can also purchase a travel container from the Air France Shopping website.

Pets weighing less than 17 pounds are allowed to travel in the cabin, and those above 17 pounds are required to travel in the cargo hold.

Every passenger can carry three pets with them but only one is allowed in the cabin.

The transport fee for animals depends on the destination and ranges anywhere between €30 and €400.

A tiny dog in his box
A tiny dog in his box

KLM Royal Dutch Airlines

KLM Royal Dutch Airline allows cats and dogs to travel with their owners, with pets allowed to travel in the cabin or the cargo hold. The reservation must be made at least 48 hours before departure.

It should be noted that passengers can only bring one cat or dog, weighing 17 pounds or less, with them in the cabin.

The cargo hold has a limit of three pets maximum. You can read more about their pet travel restrictions here.

The cost of transport for pets may vary based on the departure airport and destination. However, the total cost range for a one-way flight is between €75 and €400.

Where is my ticket woof
Where is my ticket woof

Turkish Airlines

Turkish Airlines will allow cats, dogs, birds, and service animals on their flights but requires passengers to make the reservations at least 6 hours before departure time.

Animals can travel in the cabin, but they must be in their crates for the duration of the flight. And the total weight of the animal and the crate (for cabin travel) must be less than 17 pounds.

Their pet transport fee changes according to your route and the weight of the animal. The domestic transport fee starts at 120 TRY for animals weighing 17 pounds or less and goes up to 350 TRY for animals weighing 61 pounds or more. The pet transport fee for international flights is calculated based on the route and price per kg. You can check the complete price listing for flying with a dog on their website.

They also have specific vet certification requirements for passengers flying with their pets from or to the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. If you’re flying with different types of beagles, read between the lines.

Note: The airline does not allow cats and birds or cats and dogs on the same flight. Dogs and birds are allowed on the same flight but should be kept in different cabins or as far away as possible.

With her dog on the plane
With her dog on the plane

Lufthansa

One of the most pet-friendly airlines international, Lufthansa allows both cats and dogs to travel on their flights. Their registration deadline is a little longer than that of Turkish airlines, giving you 24 hours to confirm your pet’s travel.

They allow two or three animals to travel in a single container, given that the total weight of the container does not exceed 17 pounds. If the total weight of your pet and their container is above 17 pounds, they must travel in the cargo hold.

You are charged a fee for pet transport based on your flight and the size of the transport container.

Lufthansa also has a list of travel options based on the animal’s weight, size, and animal type.

ALSO READ: 8 Best and Safest Places Around the World to Travel in 2021

Things to Keep In Mind When Flying With Your Pet

  • Ensure your pet has received all the physical examinations necessary before the journey. Some pets may be required to carry a health certificate signed by the vet 14 days before the journey.
  • The pet carrier/crate should be comfortable for your pet.
  • Pack a travel bag with food, water, treats, and toys to keep your dog occupied.
  • Dogs get sick easily and may not respond well to flights or long travels. So make sure you’re following their feeding schedule properly. If your next question is, “can dogs eat canned food,” they can. So your dog’s feeding schedule becomes a little easier to follow.
  • If your pet’s temperament is typically aggressive, they may only get more aggressive on the flight. It’s a behavioral concern that should be addressed. In the meanwhile, you can inform those handling your dog’s crate to be more careful.

Final Thoughts

Travel becomes that much better when you know your pet is comfortable, safe, and having as much fun as you are. We hope our guide provided you with not one but five options for your question, “What is the best airline to fly with pets?

Now that you know how to get around the world with your pet, what destination are you visiting next?

Travel Vlogging Guide for Beginners: 7 Simple Tips

Vlogging in countryside
Vlogging in countryside

Vlogging is a new and exciting way to share your adventures with the world. Now, more than ever, we can use technology like smartphones and digital cameras to produce high-quality vlogs on the go.

Millions of people around the world produce travel vlogs and love sharing their experiences through video blogs. If you’re considering making your travel vlogs, these seven simple tips for beginners will get you started in no time

  1. Keep videos short and sweet

    When creating their first travel vlog, one of the most common errors is taking excessive footage. We all want to pack as much valuable content into our episodes as possible, but this means we inevitably cut out important details about locations and people we met. Keep your videos short and don’t try to push all of your information into a five-minute video if it would be more effective as a 2-minute clip. This will make it easier for viewers to engage with your travel vlogs and you’ll have an easier time editing the footage down too.

  2. Get close with your camera

    One of the essential elements of any good travel vlog is giving us great visuals without taking up too much screen time. This means getting as close as possible to whatever you’re filming. In many cases, this may mean physically moving towards your subject before setting up for a shot – even if it makes you feel awkward or silly. There’s nothing worse than watching an amateur travel vlog and seeing blurry, faraway images of people walking along beaches or up mountains.

  3. Capture life’s little moments

    You may think that the most exciting thing about your trip was bungee jumping over a gorge, but unless you made it into a short highlight video, no one wants to see footage of you gearing up for the jump and cheering when you succeed. Instead, look out for the small things: the funny joke shared between two strangers on the street; unusual architecture in an old town; or tasting exotic foods at a market stall. These everyday scenes are where we find absolute joy and excitement when we’re traveling.

  4. Be consistent with your camera angles

    Just as you won’t see a Hollywood director choosing to film every scene from eye level, try not to turn your travel vlog into a series of boring shots from ground level. This is particularly true if you’re leading an audience through a place that they’ve probably already seen dozens of times before on Google Maps or Google Earth – it can get tedious quickly!

  5. Keep things quiet when filming inside

    The idea behind creating travel vlogs is that you give viewers an insight into your experiences that they can’t get from looking at photographs or watching pre-recorded videos. This means not making a racket when you’re recording and trying to keep your voice down when you’re in enclosed spaces like hotel rooms, museums, and restaurants. Not only will the people around you appreciate it, but it’ll make for better quality audio in your travel vlogs too.

  6. Keep things simple with lighting

    Lighting is such an important element of film-making (and photography) that many filmmakers avoid shooting indoors unless natural light streams through windows. But this isn’t always possible when we’re traveling and may mean missing out on great shots of sunsets at beachside restaurants or dramatic sunset portraits. How do we solve this problem? Use your phone! The iPhone camera now has a tremendous low-light mode, which means you don’t need to make the sacrifice between filming inside or out.

  7. Keep an open mind about editing

    One of the biggest bugbears people have with travel vlogs is seeing too many jump cuts and fast edits in amateur videos. Jump cuts are when you abruptly cut from one long scene to another, for example, cutting out part of a walk up a hill because you didn’t like how it looked or couldn’t get access to better filming spots along the way. This may work if done correctly, but more often than not, we find it disorientating and confusing. Avoiding this pitfall means keeping enough footage to create more cohesive, informative videos that’ll delight your audience. Be sure to add music to your video to make it more engaging and entertaining!

Important Things To Keep In Mind When Creating A Travel Video

There are a few things you should keep in mind before hitting the road and filming your next travel adventure. Here are a few of the most important:

  • Make a plan

Before you even leave, it’s helpful to have some outline or storyboard for your video. This will help you stay on track while filming and make the editing process smoother.

  • Pack light

This may seem obvious, but it’s always tempting to pack everything but the kitchen sink when we’re going away. Resist the urge! Not only will carrying excess weight make traveling harder, it’ll also mean you have less space for equipment and camera gear.

  • Bring enough power supply and storage

This is especially important if you’re using a DSLR or action camera because these devices can eat up batteries and storage space incredibly quickly, mainly if you’re recording in 4K.

  • Learn your equipment before you leave

If you’re asking people to subscribe to your channel and watch your videos, then it’s important that they look good. That means learning how to use your equipment so you can get the best footage possible. This way, editing will be much easier, too, because your shots won’t need to be changed or repositioned.

  • Research the best time to shoot in advance

This one is significant if you’re filming in places with seasonal weather changes – think mountains during winter or deserts during summer. Knowing when the weather is most likely to be at its best will help you order your day and get the shots that make your travel vlog captivating for viewers.

  • Don’t hesitate to ask other travelers for help

One of the great things about traveling is meeting new people, so why not make use of this while you’re making your travel vlog? Asking locals and other travelers for tips and advice is a great way to get good content, and they may even be able to help you with filming and equipment.

  • Make a backup plan in case of technical problems

Technology is great but it does like to let us down sometimes when we’re in the middle of nowhere with no signal. Make sure your phone is fully charged so you can still get full use out of it even if something terrible happens to your camera or gear.

  • Try different angles and perspectives

Pretend the camera isn’t there when you film, then edit the footage afterward. Still, this method might not be perfect for every type of shot because some shots work better from a particular angle and adding different angles and perspectives can make your videos more engaging.

  • Shoot an extra-wide shot for each location

Shooting a little wider than normal when you’re beginning to film creates good variety in your shots, making the video much more interesting to watch. Plus, it’s always worth having extra footage to play with when editing.

  • Take plenty of time to shoot your intro

You don’t want to rush the beginning of your travel vlog because this is where you’re going to hook people, so take plenty of time and try out a few different things before you settle on an intro that meets your needs.

  • Try panning and zooming

Although these techniques might seem a little bit too complicated for beginners, they can be a great way of adding a more professional feel to your travel vlogs, making them much more engaging for viewers.

  • Use stabilizers whenever possible

This one really depends on the camera you’re using and whether you can physically attach it to a stabilizer, but stabilizers are great for adding extra stability to your shots which makes the video look much more professional.

  • Don’t force it!

No matter how much time and effort you put into filming a travel vlog, if you don’t have something interesting to say, there’s no point, so make sure you take plenty of time to plan your travel vlogs but don’t force anything because that’s when bad videos happen.

So, there you have it: our top seven tips for beginner travel vloggers. Keep these in mind and your videos will be sure to impress – not only with their content but also with the level of professionalism that they exude. Remember, Rome wasn’t built in a day so don’t expect to become an expert overnight; start filming and editing your footage as soon as possible and learn from your mistakes. And above all else, have fun!

The 11 Best Things to Do and See in Corfu

Last updated on May 4th, 2022 at 12:20 pm

The Things to do in Corfu are many and you have plenty of options with such a large variety of activities on this island.

Here is our list of the best things you can do and see that will help you enjoy your holidays on the island to the full.

1. Taste the wonderful Corfu Food

Corfiot cuisine - Pastitsada
Corfiot cuisine – Pastitsada

For many people, one of the best things to do in life is to enjoy food. So while in Corfu, it is impossible not to try the delicious delicacies of Corfiot cuisine.

In all the good restaurants on the island, you will find the unique recipes of Corfu such as Pastitsada, sofrito, Bianco, and Bourdeto.

2. Visit Aqualand water park

Aqualand water park in Corfu
Aqualand water park in Corfu

In Agios Ioannis area in Central Corfu.

Aqualand is the top waterpark in Europe and one of the largest Water Parks worldwide.

Definitely, one of the most exciting things to do in Corfu, a place you must visit if you want to get a great combination of fun, relaxation, and a great dose of adrenaline.

In Aqualand, you will find 51 slides, pools, and a wide variety of other games suitable and fun giving for all young and older kids.

All kinds of water attractions are here and the many facilities will make your day exciting until the last moment.

You can have a relaxing time here under our beautiful maple trees, as well as be thrilled and adrenaline-rich on our water slides.

3. Book and get a daily cruise with a boat trip

Daily cruises are one of the first things to do in Corfu since the first days of tourism development on the island.

In almost every tourist resort of Corfu, you can try daily cruises that take you to well-known and unknown nice parts of the island, as well as to neighboring islands, such as Paxos and Diapontia, or on the opposite coast on the mainland.

Also, a day’s visit to Albania will satisfy your curiosity.

It is the well-known island hope of the Aegean, just here the options are fewer but equally exciting and full of fun.

4. Go Sailing

In Corfu, there are many opportunities for sailing lovers.

Here you will find sailing companies that organize excursions with sailing boats, rent boats, or boats. Some companies even offer offshore sailing lessons.

Take advantage of the many opportunities not to miss your favorite hobby during your vacation.

5. Visit the Royal Achilleion Palace

Achilleion palace entrance
Achilleion palace entrance

The beautiful neoclassical Achilleion building was built in 1890 by Empress Elizabeth of Austria on a property originally owned by the philosopher and diplomat Petros Vrailas Armenis, on the site of the former “Villa Vraila”.

It is located 10 km south of Corfu town and three km north of Benitses village, on the edge of Gastouri village.

It is an attraction that one can not miss while in Corfu.

Here you will see great works of art.

The Palace is Dominated by the two statues of Achilles and great paintings, sculptures of ancient gods and heroes. But also due to the famous outdoor gardens and an amazing view of the city of Corfu is worth visiting.

6. Drive to Mount Pantokrator

The highest mountain of Corfu is in the northeastern part of the island and is only 900 meters at its highest peak.

From here, however, you have the best view of the whole island, Albania in the northeast and if the atmosphere is clear, something difficult for the summer months, you can even see Italy.

Here is the monastery of the Pantokrator that celebrates the 6th of August. There is a coffee bar but also many antennas of radio, television, and mobile telephony that emit strong radiation.
For this reason, we do not recommend staying for many hours. An hour’s visit is enough to admire the landscape.

7. Things to do in Palaiokastritsa

Paleokastritsa from Lakones village
Paleokastritsa from Lakones village

One of the most beautiful sceneries in Corfu.

Paleokastritsa is really very picturesque and becomes more beautiful when you see it from above.

From the village of Lakones located on the mountain that surrounds it from the north, you have a spectacular view of the small beaches and capes that form its diverse shores.

At the largest cape, there is the famous monastery of Paleokastritsa, which thousands of tourists visit.
Among its exhibits are the bones of a whale that once hatched on the wild rocks of the area.

Definitely, a visit to Paleokastritsa is a must.

  • A) See Paleokastritsa Monastery

    Paleokastritsa monastery museum - whale bones
    Paleokastritsa monastery museum – whale bones

    On the top of the largest cape of the coast of Paleokastritsa.

    From here you will see far away to the northwest the castle Angelokastro, perched on its rock since 1100 AD to protect the area since then.

    In the monastery there are various exhibits, in one room there are old traditional tools used in the old olive mills and various traditional village exhibits.

    In another room, the bones of an unfortunate whale washed up on the rocks of the shore.

  • B) Feel the real freeze in the cold waters of Paleokastritsa

    A Beach in Paleokastritsa
    A Beach in Paleokastritsa

    Indeed, Paleokastritsa has many beaches, the busiest on the coast of the settlement and the most isolated a few kilometers in the surrounding area.

    They all have crystal clear waters but are also very cold, that’s why the expression freeze!.

    This is due to a very cold stream that starts from the Adriatic Sea and ends in the area.

    Of course in the summer with the unbearable heat, the cold sea becomes enjoyable.

  • C) Visit the Corfu aquarium in Paleokastritsa

    Lobster in Paleokastrtsa aquarium
    Lobster in Paleokastrtsa aquarium

    A museum of living marine life with also many species of fauna of Corfu.

    Take advantage of the Corfu Aquarium to discover the underwater world of Mediterranean life! In the huge aquarium, you can watch many species swimming live.

    Species are very well cared for, responsibly! So come and see them live!

  • D) Get aboard the Corfu Sea Discovery ship in Paleokastritsa

    Meet the “Corfu Sea Discovery”, a glass reef ship that started operating in 2008 in Corfu to highlight the amazing coast of Paleokastritsa.

    Through the submarine windows of the ship and under your feet you will see the fascinating marine life that exists in the wonderful caves of the area.

8. 6 Things to do on some gorgeous Corfu beaches

Corfu is a unique island. You certainly have not explored its beaches yet, so it’s time to do so. Its endless coasts together with its clear emerald waters make Corfu an island with the most beaches in Greece.

  • A) Discover Corfu’s best beach Rovinia

    Rovinia beach
    Rovinia beach

    Many say that Rovinia is the most beautiful beach in Corfu.

    It’s a relatively small and secluded beach with fine pebbles near Paleokastritsa.

    Very picturesque with crystal clear waters and a tiny cave in the southern part.

    You can also reach it from the land via a narrow path.

    If you are in the area or wandering around Corfu, it is really worth visiting.

  • B) Find Mirtiotissa Beach

    Corfu photos - Mirtiotissa beach
    Corfu photos – Mirtiotissa beach

    It is located on a secluded coast of western Corfu, near the homonymous monastery of Myrtiotissa.

    You must visit it because it is very small and cute and because it was once the official nudist beach of Corfu.
    It presents the phenomenon of the sand being lost over the years but recovering again after decades.

  • C) Go to Issos and Chalikounas Beaches

    Between Issos and Chalikounas
    Between Issos and Chalikounas

    Definitely one of the first things you should do in Corfu is to visit the two largest beaches on the island.

    Here you will gaze at the islands of Paxos in the background over the endless and hot sand and the flat sandy area of western Corfu that bears no resemblance to the fertile northern part of the Island.

    At Chalikounas you will enjoy the open sea, the big waves, and the almost permanent breeze that comes from the Ionian Sea. These are beaches for lovers of sailing, windsurfing, and adventure.

  • D) Swimm at Agios Gordios beach

    Beach at Agios Gordis
    Beach at Agios Gordis

    If you want to get to know the typical sandy and busy beach of Corfu, you should also plan a visit to Agios Gordis.

    Wonderful beach with many shops, and restaurants but also rich and exotic nightlife in the many clubs that almost touch the sea. A taste of Caribbean flavor.

  • E) Dive in Canal d’Amour in Sidari

    Sidari, Canal d`Amour
    Sidari, Canal d`Amour

    A gentle stroll along the coast of Sidari brings the visitor to the famous Canal d’Amour. Where people can swim through an archway of sand into the open sea beyond.

    Canal d’Amour is the French name for the Channel of Love. A very famous and nice natural formation of sandstone rocks, corrosive by waves and winds. This makes it one of the best and most unique beaches on Corfu.

    According to a tradition, the first person you meet while swimming between these rocks will become your other half forever.

    A natural beautiful beach, difficult to find elsewhere in the world.

  • F) See the dramatic Cape Drastis

    Cape Drastis at Peroulades
    Cape Drastis at Peroulades

    The westernmost tip of Corfu.

    Drastis cape is the tip of loggas beach in Peroulades.

    You can visit it and discover a different scene in Corfu as it is a nice and rare geological phenomenon that looks magnificent from the top where the view down causes vertigo.

9. 3 Things to do by exploring Corfu nature

If you don’t explore the nature side of Corfu what else can you do on this island?

The Corfiot nature is unique and varied and it will constantly surprise you with the changes in the landscape and the beautiful mountain villages, the hidden deserted beaches that are always intertwined with the busy tourist areas.

  • A) Try the paths of Erimitis Corfu

    A beach at Erimitis
    A beach at Erimitis

    Erimitis is located at the northeastern tip of Corfu, very close to the Albanian coast.

    A pristine paradise, full of small cute coves-beaches separated by small capes that give beautiful scenery to the landscape, most of which are accessible from the sea.

    Here you will have the opportunity to come in direct contact with pristine nature, untouched by tourism development.

    You will browse isolated beaches where wildlife has found its ideal refuge.

    Pebble peaceful beaches with little sand, the waters are extremely clear.

    Riding on a horse is one of the most exciting ways to explore the area.

  • B) Sail to Lazaretto islet Corfu

    Lazareto is an islet of 70 square kilometers, in the bay of Gouvia, just 2.5 km away from Gouvia and Kontokali.

    It is uninhabited now but it was an island with a long history and not necessarily pleasant.

    There was a church dedicated to the Lady of Nazareth (La Nazaret in Latin). The word was paraphrased to Lazaretto. The current name of the islet probably came from it.

    Later a monastery and a leprosarium were built there, and much later it was used as a place of detention, torture, and execution of political prisoners, mainly during the Greek Civil War (1945-1949).

    Very unpleasant and dark historical past for this beautiful small island.

  • C) Go Mountain Biking Around Corfu

    Corfu is an island with mountains, plains, and valleys. Most important it has a very dense road network with small paths in and around those mountains.

    Therefore is the ideal place for hiking and biking.

    Here you have the opportunity for luxury cycling holidays and corporate events.

    Let Corfu’s unmatched natural beauty, inspire your passion for cycling or biking on an adventure of a lifetime.

10. Outdoor Things to Do in Corfu

Not only is Corfu one of the most history- and mythology-rich Greek islands, but this Ionian gem is also the greenest island in Greece. There’s so much to do and explore here.

Of course, you may decide to spend most of your time there sunbathing, sightseeing, and enjoying the delicious local cuisine, and there’s nothing wrong with that.

However, if you want a more active holiday, Corfu won’t disappoint you. There are plenty of outdoor activities to try on Emerald Island. Here are our top picks.

  • A) Scuba Diving

    One of the things to do in Corfu is Scuba-Diving
    Photo by Sebastian Pena Lambarri on Unsplash

    If you’re vacationing in Corfu and you know how to swim, you mustn’t miss the opportunity to learn how to scuba dive! You will be given all the necessary equipment, and you’ll embark on a guided scuba diving tour that will leave you speechless.

    There’s plenty to see in the clear Ionian sea, from beautiful reefs and various kinds of fish to old shipwrecks. That’s right — there are adventure tours that let you explore the numerous shipwrecks around the island, but bear in mind that they are only for experienced divers.

  • B) Stand-Up Paddleboarding

    Paddleboarding
    Photo by Elizabeth Kay on Unsplash

    Stand-up paddleboarding (SUP) takes inspiration from surfing, but it’s a much more laid-back activity. So instead of surfing the waves, you get to float on a board on the water propelling yourself forward with a paddle.

    You can try this on the beautiful Dassia beach, where you will be given all the necessary equipment. SUP is a great idea if you want to have a chill day at the beach, but still try something new and exciting.

    It may be an ideal activity for families with kids, who are afraid other, more challenging adventures, such as scuba diving, might be dangerous.

  • C) Cruising

    Whenever you’re at sea, cruising is a great option for a splendid day outside. You’ll have plenty of options to experience the magnificent island by water, but if you have a bit more money to spare, you may opt for a private yacht cruise.

    This is a great option for those vacationing with a group of friends. By booking a private cruise, you get to enjoy magnificent views of the island and its surroundings. You can also go for a swim in the clear water, or just crack open a cold one and enjoy the breeze on your sun-kissed skin.

  • D) Cycling Tour

    There’s no better way to explore the island than by taking a bike tour. You can rent a bike and roam around on your own or take a guided tour. You don’t have to worry about the level of difficulty because there’s something for all levels of physical fitness.

    Whether you decide to see the Old Town of Corfu or focus on the lush nature of the island, you won’t be disappointed. You can visit the countryside, villages, and forests. Corfu is mountainous, so you can even go on a mountain-biking adventure.

  • E) ATV Tour

    A cycling tour is already a great idea, but how do you feel about quad bikes? You can take an adrenaline-inducing quad safari tour with an experienced guide. You can ride through the beautiful nature of the island and experience its tradition in a completely different way.

    If you’ve never ridden one of these before, there’s no need to worry, as you’ll be given detailed instructions on how to operate it.

  • F) Camping

    Camping
    Photo by Scott Goodwill on Unsplash

    Instead of booking some fancy accommodation, why not turn your Corfu stay into a full-on outdoor adventure? There are not many campsites on the island, but they offer all the necessary amenities to make you feel welcome.

    You may try Dolphin Camping in Sidari Bay or a cozy campsite in the village of Roda.

    You usually have to bring your own tent and other necessities, but you may also choose to stay in a bungalow.

    If you didn’t come to Corfu prepared for a camping adventure, don’t worry — you can even sleep under the stars since nights are warm, and there are many DIY camping tricks that can help you adjust in no time.

  • G) Paragliding

    So far, we’ve talked about enjoying Corfu from the ground or water, but how about soaring above it? Whether or not you’ve tried paragliding before, you’re bound to have the time of your life gliding over the Corfu coastline.

    You don’t need any previous experience to try it — only enthusiasm! The guides will take you to a launchpad at sea on a speedboat. There, they’ll fit you with the necessary gear and brief you on everything you need to know.

    The flight is only 5–7 minutes long, but it could be the best thing you experience on your entire vacation.

    These activities are only some of the things you can do in Corfu. The magnificent island has something for everyone, and no matter your preferences, you’ll surely have a great time!

11. More Things to Do in Corfu

See the Most Beautiful Sunsets in Greece

Of course in Corfu,  as from any of the west coast viewpoints you will be stunned into silence by the beauty as the sun sinks over the horizon.

Visit the Small Neighboring Islands

Paxos islands

Of course, no one coming to Corfu for a vacation should miss a visit to the island of Paxos, an island that has been described as one of the 20 most beautiful in the world.

There you will also visit and admire the sea caves on the west coast with the turquoise waters, some of the Best of their kind in the Mediterranean

Diapontian islets

Also, with a visit to the Othoni, Ereikousa, and Mathraki islands to the northwest of Corfu, you will discover another quieter and more exciting world.

The islet of Vido

There is also the islet of Vido, near and just opposite the old port of the city.

A small, natural paradise of only 540 acres, an island sacred to the Serbs as there is a Serbian mausoleum with the bones of Serbian soldiers of the First World War.

There are many surprises on the island, there are no roads but organized trails for walkers only, there is a restaurant and refreshments, sanitary facilities, a medical office, an organized beach, municipal camps, and the historic restored church of Agios Stefanos.

There is a legend that the island communicates with the Old Fortress through an underwater tunnel built by the Venetians.

We do not know if this is true, but it was possible that the Venetians had this ability since there are underground tunnels connecting the two fortresses of the city, these tunnels are not accessible to the public.

The correct name of the island is the island of Vido and not Vidos as many mistakenly say, and it was named by the name of a former owner, Guido Malipieri, simply Guido paraphrased in Vido.

Whatever your tastes, Corfu is sure not to get bogged down, it is a huge island of interesting and natural beauty that offers locations, opportunities, and infrastructures as well as surprises that cover all tastes.

Dramatic Corfu landscapes

Final words

This is our list of the best things to do in Corfu.

Surely there are much more equally or more enjoyable, but these are a good basis for you to start and help you to enjoy your Corfu holidays to the full.

Corfu Golf Club Course Review

Last updated on February 14th, 2022 at 06:02 pm

A golfer in action at Corfu golf club
Photo by Peter Drew on Unsplash

Given that Greece and its many islands are well-known for the clear, blue waters and tropical beaches rather than their sports, it may come as a surprise that there are some amazing golf courses in the country.

The island of Corfu, mountainous and filled with resort-style living, is a cosmopolitan area with stunning architecture, pretty beaches, and its trendy Old Town. It’s also home to one of the best-golfing spots in the country.

Here’s our Corfu Golf Course review so you know what to expect if you play around at this beautiful course.

Corfu Golf Course Quick Overview

  • Holes: 18
  • Par: 72
  • Yardage: 6762 yards
  • Course Type: Traditional
  • Original Designers: Donald Harradine
  • Renovation: Andrew Mair
  • For who? Members & their guests
  • Dress Code: Traditional golfing attire
  • Driving Range? Yes
  • Putting Green? Yes
  • Resident Pro: Yes
  • Club Rental? Yes
  • Golf Cart Rental: Yes
  • Pull-Cart Rental: Yes
  • Metal Spikes Allowed? No

Course Conditions

The course is designed to provide a challenge to both beginners and advanced golfers. There’s almost as much water as there is grass, which provides not only a stunning landscape but may also contribute to challenging gameplay.

On the fairways, you’ll find Penrose grass. The course is known to be a bit rough, but it adds to the charm. The gameplay is still amazing and the service is well-renowned and appreciated.

It has been designed to fit right into the natural surroundings of the Ropa Valley, and as such you’re likely to spot a variety of animals and birds.

As is normal with Greece, you’ll also be surrounded by history and mystery, with the first tee looking over the Nafsika river, which is said to be where a princess rescued the shipwrecked Odysseus.

Layout & Game Play

The course is relatively flat, so it’s easy to walk between holes. Wide fairways and only a couple of doglegs make it a good choice for beginner golfers who need to practice how to hit the golf ball straight.

But the water hazards and strategically-placed sand bunkers will provide a challenge for intermediate and experienced golfers as well. Many require precision so you don’t overshoot your shot and land up in the water.

Lakes come into play on multiple holes, and some holes will have you chipping over small streams. Hole number 7 features a stream that cuts the fairway in half and will require an accurate tee shot to avoid a splash.

Hole 5 features a severe dogleg to the left, which is the most curve of all the holes on this course. It finishes on an exciting 18th hole, featuring another strategically-located stream and a guarding bunker near the green.

Signature Hole

The 6th hole is the signature of the Corfu Golf Course. It’s a par-4, with a slight dogleg to the right as you approach the green.

On the right-hand side, there’s a lake that’s shaped like Corfu, although you won’t be able to see this from your vantage point on the ground. It runs from the tee to the green, an ever-present hazard, but it can be avoided by playing straight and true.

A large bunker to the left of the green can trap wayward shots, but the finish is straightforward if you put thought into your approach.

Other Features

Golf Academy

Corfu Golf Club is also an excellent choice for beginners or families with kids. Their on-site Golf Academy offers top-notch golf lessons from the resident PGA golf pro, Jonathan Hunt.

You can choose from a ½-hour lesson, a 1-hour lesson, or a comprehensive action lesson as you play through the first 9 holes on the course. Both individual lessons and group lessons are offered, but take note that only 3 people can do the on-course lesson at one time.

Clubhouse & Pro Shop

As well as the Corfu Golf Course, the club features a 21,528 square foot clubhouse, designed by renowned Greek architect Nikos Hatzimichalis.

It’s made of hand-laid stone and has a stunning look and feel to it. Unlike many clubhouses in the US, this club brings character to the space with traditional Greek architecture and a proper European atmosphere.

Inside, there are changing and locker facilities, a lounge area, a large banquet space, and a balcony where you can sip on a drink and look out over the course. The restaurant offers Greek and Mediterranean cuisine.

The pro shop is well-stocked with brand-name items like golf shirts, hats, and golfing equipment. You can also rent clubs if you need to.

Event Opportunities

These stunning grounds are good for more than just great golf! Weddings are popular in this lovely spot, with the balcony and beautiful garden being used to accommodate large groups of people.

The Club places emphasis on creating a once-in-a-lifetime experience. Your personal style is taken into account and they cater to both Greek and Mediterranean tastes.

Other events (baptisms, conferences, and so on) are also easy to host at this amazing venue, and your guests will be wowed by the views over the course.

Tournament Hosting

Corfu Golf Club may be out of the way, but it’s played host to some renowned tournaments. Two Hellenic International Championships and Nations Cups have been played on this course, as well as the Corfu Spring/Autumn Festival and International Seniors and Veterans Ladies Championship, and the Kedros Cup memorial tournament.

A European Men’s Club Cup and three European Ladies’ Club Trophy tournaments also chose Corfu as their destination. Corfu Golf Club also holds the International Αmateur Championship every year, which has been going on since 1975.

Golf Club Rates

Club rates are competitive and don’t forget you’ll need to pay in Euro if you’re from the US or another country that isn’t European.

  • 18 holes: €55
  • 9 holes: €35
  • 3 days: €149
  • Weekly: €275
  • 18 holes junior: €30

Final Notes about Corfu Golf Course

Corfu Golf Club offers great golf for players of all skill levels. The surroundings are spectacular, the golf is fun, and you can’t go wrong with an excellent Greek or Mediterranean meal at the clubhouse after a round.

If you’re planning on playing around at this amazing course, don’t forget to wear your best golf hat to protect yourself from the Greek sun!

About the Author
Jordan Fuller has played on golf courses across the country and internationally. He shares valuable information, tips, how-to’s, reviews, and resources on his website, Golf Influence.

How to Meet 6 Mighty Monsters of Greek Mythology?

Last updated on May 17th, 2022 at 10:59 pm

How many mythological creatures do you know? I’m sure that most of you have heard of the Minotaur, Scylla, and Charybdis, as well as the Centaurs and the Cyclops. Possibly you know even more monsters of mythology and most of them come from Greek mythology.

The Minotaur
The Minotaur

Forgotten Monsters of Greek mythology

But today we will not talk about these famous fantastic creatures that have appeared in movies and books countless times. Instead, we will try to find the monsters that were once mighty, powerful, and terrible, but now have been forgotten.

There are many of them, so we will not find them all. But we will definitely get a picture of a different, fantastic mythological world of bronze age Greece that has remained invisible.

The rich Greek mythology covers a huge range of fiction. In its stories, you will find countless witches, monsters, elves, demons, ghosts, giants and dwarfs, winged dragons and horses, enchanted objects, and mechanical beings.

Fantastic creatures really strange for a 21st-century human mind, but at the time they were born and many centuries later they were considered real.
Some said that they saw them, some heard them and some were destroyed or saved by them like the heroes of myths.

For the human of antiquity, this mythology was his history, his religion, his teaching, in short, a part of his daily life.

That is why we should not be impressed that many of these strange mythological beings, such as the Lamies, the Dragons, and others survived and came to life again in the newest legends and folk tales of the Greek tradition.

Monsters of Greek Mythology are not dead, they are just imprisoned in deep caves from which they can not escape.

We just want to meet them, so we have to travel deep into the earth using, where necessary, a little of our imagination.

A fantastic trip in the depths of the Earth

But let’s talk no more, and let’s start the descent, we will go back, we will sink into the depths of our mind, to its unknown side, where the subconscious resides.

In search of these strange mythological creatures, we will travel to the space-time of fantasy. In these deep caves, we will find everything gathered. So let’s move on!

We are already inside the cave. It is slightly illuminated by the torch we are holding. The light from its flames in combination with the stalactites forms strange eerie shadows.

Ancient words are engraved on its walls, in unknown languages ​​that once existed or have not existed yet. A smell of dirt and moisture is around and water drips from the top, while whispers are heard all around.

It’s about time to start the long descent. We will find seven levels here and we will go very deep down. What did you think? The long-lost imaginary creatures are not so easy to find.

Apatee – The goddess of Deception

So we reached the first level. It is difficult as the place is getting dark and narrow. It leads us to an opening that is the entrance of the first chamber.

We first insert our heads and look carefully inside.

There is a woman-like creature sitting in the center. She has snakes instead of hair, bat wings come out of her back and her hands end up in lighted torches.

There are other engravings around the walls, depicting her with fingers from vipers or whips. She looks at us with her glowing eyes.

She looks like Erinyes, the goddesses of Curse and Revenge. She is no other than Apatee, the goddess of Deception, the personification of deception, deceit, and falsehood.

Apatee(Greek: Απάτη) literally means Scam, Fraud, and Deceit

According to Theogony of Hesiod, her mother was the primordial goddess Nyx or Nychta (Night).

It is said that the goddess of Deception existed before gods and humans and that she always acted in the dark, where no one, not even Zeus himself could resist her power.

With her hand she shows us a recess in the rock, from there we have to go if we want to continue even lower.

Argos or Panoptis

We follow her advice, and we reach the second chamber. A huge creature is waiting for us. A shepherd monster with a hundred eyes, a creature trained to guard people and animals.

Argos or Panoptis - The monster with hundred eyes
Argos or Panoptis – The monster with hundred eyes

His name is Argos (means “bright”) or Panoptis (“The one who sees everything”), just remember the words optics and panoptic.

It makes sense if you consider that he had eyes everywhere, in front of and behind his head and all over his body, while they say that when he slept, he only closed half of them while the rest kept him awake.

He was a descendant of Oceanos and Tethys and one of the most terrible monsters of Greek mythology.

Historian Ferekidis records that his eyes were only four, two in front and two behind (plus one that was placed on his neck by Hera, the wife of Zeus), while others claim that they were infinite.

Aeschylus calls him “Myriopon voutan”, which means “the million-eyed herdsman”

The only time that Argos fell asleep was when, watching the transformed into a cow Io on behalf of Hera (so that Zeus could not make her a woman again), Hermes, sent by Zeus, put him to sleep with his flute and killed him with his sword.

After his death, Hera in sorrow decided to honor him by depicting his eyes on the peacock’s tail, one of the birds-symbol of Hera, and the starry sky.

Its good to mention here that Io was a beautiful woman, a mistress of Dias, therefore the jealous Hera transformed her into a cow and set Argos to guard her, but after Argos’s death, the cow Io started running across the earth like crazy after being bitten by Oιstros, a large horsefly sent by Hera.

Here, the ancients wanted to explain the presence of the horseflies in cows and horses…very artistic conception indeed.

You see, reading the Greek Mythology we discover so many peculiar things, even horseflies as punishers!

The Hecatoncheires (Men with Hundred hands)

The further we go, the heavier we get. And at the same time, we feel that we are slowly disappearing into space.

We are in the third chamber now. It is incredibly big. It does not seem to have a roof over it, only deep darkness.

Ekatoghires - The Creatures with hundred hands
Ekatoghires – The Creatures with hundred hands

Three huge giants are standing in front of us. Each one has fifty heads and a hundred hands.

They are called respectively Vriareos (“The solid”), Kottos (“The frantic”), and Gyis or Gygis (“The multi-member”).

They are the Hecatoncheires(Men with Hundred hands), they were the first children of Gaia and Uranus, also called the Uranians. They symbolized the uncontrollable forces of nature and especially the formed clouds.

Ugly as they say and bad characters, therefore dangerous with so much power, that is why they were punished and they lived for a long time imprisoned in Tartarus by their father Uranus.

Zeus liberated them so they could fight to support him in the great war of the gods against the Titans. In the end, they became the captives of the Titans in Tartarus. Maybe they still guard the Titans down there.

Phantasos: The monster that could take any form

Fantasos - A fantastic monster
Fantasos – A fantastic monster

We move even lower. Into the fourth chamber. It looks empty but it’s not.

On the walls around are carved all the dreams that man has ever seen or will see. At its center, there is a strange creature without a clear form.

Its name is Phantasos, a being who has the ability to transform into any inanimate thing, real or imagined, and to present himself to humans in any form he wished.

Son of the god Hypnos(Sleep), and the Pasithea, one of the Charites (Graces).

His brothers were the god of dreams Morpheus(Who could take the form and imitate the voice of every human being) and Phoebus or Phobetor (who could imitate any animal).

But we do not sleep now, so we do not see it clearly, and he does not even know if we have a human form, so he can’t harm us.

Empousa: The one who penetrates

Empousa - A woman-like donkey
Empousa – A woman-like donkey

From a small hole, we keep going down lower and lower.

We reach the fifth chamber. Whispers and murmurs surround us.

At one end there is a strange creature. She looks like a woman, but she has only one leg, where she wears a bronze sandal and she has donkey dicks.

Her name is Empousa (“The one who penetrates”), she is considered the daughter of the goddess of the underworld Hecate, who as they say often left the Underworld at night and ascended to the world of the living.

Her face lit up as if it is on fire, while she could take the form of animals and beautiful women. Its purpose is to seduce travelers in deserted places, leading them to a bad end (you do not want details, believe me).

The only defense against her is said to have been swearing.

The dwarf demons Daktyloi (Fingers) or Idaioi

We are moving forward, now we are moving almost intangibly. We have to hurry because the lower we go, the more we get lost.

We are in the sixth chamber. Some creatures with the form of low rocks are here.

Mountain dwarf demons with magical qualities, but also they are great metallurgists.

People say that they jumped from the ground when the Titaness Rhea put her fingers in the ground, as she was giving birth to Zeus. Five women came out of her left hand and five men from the right and they stood there next to her as assistants in childbirth. They are called Daktyloi or Idaioi.

Daktyloi or idaioi craftsmen
Daktyloi or idaioi craftsmen

They got their name either because they jumped out of the holes in the ground made by the goddess’s fingers or because they were small like finger-length, but they were great craftsmen.

It is said that later it was these women who went to the island of Samothrace and there began their worship ceremonies, the Mysteries of Daktyloi (Fingers) – which they later became the Kaverian mysteries. The maple leaf symbolized the five Fingers, that is, the palm of Rhea.

According to Strabo, they numbered from three to one hundred. Others report twenty right-handed blacksmiths and thirty left-handed women witches.

They are quite often identified with the Kerkopes, a small race of demonic beings who lived, they say, in Asia Minor.

But we have said a lot and it is time to continue.

The mighty Typhon, the father of all monsters

The mighty Typhon, father of all monsters of Greek Mythology
The mighty Typhon, father of all monsters

And here we are in the last chamber, the seventh.

Our torch is about to go out, but in the shadows, something fades.

It is the strongest and largest imaginary creature that has ever walked the earth. The son of the god of the abyss Tartarus and Gaia, He is the mighty Typhon. The father of all monsters of Greek mythology.

Tall to the stars and with huge wings that when opened cover the sky. From the middle and above in the form of a man and from the middle and below like two coiled echidnas(snakes). With long hair and beard and the rest of the body covered by its wings.

Many say they had seen him with a huge donkey head and eyes throwing fire, a mouth firing hot rocks, and a voice as if thousands of people and animals and birds and reptiles were screaming at the same time.

With a hundred dragon heads on the tips of his serpentine hands, which were so long (a hundred leagues each, they say) that one reached the east and the other the west.

Typhon’s awful children

His children were Cerberus, the Lernaean Hydra, the Lion of Nemea, the Chimera, and the Sphinx of Thebes.

After the war of Titans, he was the one who fought against Zeus to seize power but lost.

The bloodshed by the mortally wounded Typhon gave its name to the mountain range of Aimos that delimits the Balkan peninsula (as Aima is the word for blood in Greek).

It is said that he was buried under the volcano of Mount Etna in Sicily together with Egelados( the god of earthquakes).

According to Hesiod, the windstorms are children of Typhon.

Finally, Typhon is said to symbolize the last resistance of the savage and uncontrollable forces of nature against the enforcement of the order of natural laws. Maybe that’s why we had to go so deep to find him.

Time to return, before we get completely lost and forgotten in the dark caves and labyrinthine basements we have dived into. Take a deep breath and time counts backward. We return today. In our place and present time.

Monstrous conclusion

We got only a little taste of those awful creatures that are hidden in the sanctuaries of the collective subconscious.

And there are many caves, underground labyrinths, and galleries down there that in a unique way connect the mythologies of the whole world.

But we will talk about more creatures and even more deadly monsters of Greek mythology on another fantastic trip. For now, I hope you do not panic the next time you enter a cave…

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