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San Stefano Estate in Benitses Through Unique Images

Last updated on October 13th, 2019 at 07:35 pm

Joustiniani family crest
Joustiniani family crest

The house of San Stefano was built on the hill just north of Benitses, in 1782, by a member of the great Venetian Giustiniani family, on the site of an older house destroyed by an earthquake- so the new one was built on a rock!

The house was the centre of a large estate and took its name from the private chapel of San Stefano, which is built on the same rock as the house.

Historical references.

San Stefano estate house
San Stefano estate house

Giustiniani was an old noble family, they moved from Constantinople to Venice and Genoa in Italy and became Italians in 1204 after the conquest of Constantinople by the Franks, soon the Venetian branch of the family dominated the Aegean islands of Tzia and Serifos and the Genoese branch acquired the sovereignty of the island of Chios some hundred years later.

Sovereign of the island of Chios Ioannis Ioustinianis arrived in Constantinople in 1453 with 2 Genoese ships from Chios with 400 knights and 300 sailors to fight alongside the last Emperor Konstantinos Paleologos, against the Turks, in the vain and final battle of the Empire …

Ioannis Ioustinianis wounded badly and lost his life shortly after the battle.

Some members of the Venetian branch came to Corfu, the shield with the two-headed eagle in the church of Saint Stefanos indicates the Byzantine origin of the family.

The farm

The farm passed by marriage into the Flamburiari family who lived there in the summer.
At various times it was also used as a monastery, and latterly as a convent- indeed the aunt of the last Tsar Nicholas 2nd, an abbess, came with her nuns and when she went back to Russia she took a young boy from the village with her.

He made his money in Odessa and then returned to Benitses and started the Avra Hotel.
In the early 20th century it came into the Manessi family as a dowry, and the family still own the house.

Photos

We warmly thank the wife of the memorable Stefanos Manesis, Mrs. Jan Manesis, which gave us all those pictures that are on this page and also the page with the “old Corfu photographs of 1900”.

As you notice in the first group, most of the pictures are pics from Manesis family, and in the second group pictures from the workers in the farm during the first quarter of the 20th century.
Of course, the number of photos we have is countless, we will add some more in the near future with their comments where possible and when we are certain that the accompanying information to them is accurate.

During the first half of the 20th century, the farm`s olives were a major source of employment for the villagers of Benitses.
Clearing the undergrowth and collecting the olives gave poor people, especially young women, work.

The family also owned and operated the olive press near the sea and pressed other peoples’ oil as well as their own.
Olive oil was almost a currency at that time- the olive press fee was paid for in a percentage of oil press, and the priest was paid in olive oil to give a monthly service at San Stefano.
With tourism the olive industry fell into decline as people had their own work to do, the cost of labor increased sharply, and mechanization meant that the old olive press was no longer economical to use.

Now the estate has been broken up and developed.
There is still a service in the chapel once a year, on 27th December, often with more than one priest, and there are drinks and snacks for the priest(s), choir and congregation afterward in the old traditional way.

200 (at least) more photos to follow soon..! in section “Gallery” and in page “Benitses of 1950”, with the old fishing boats “Agia Triada” and “Agios Dimitrios”, their following smaller boats with the lamps, many beautiful Benitses landscapes, pictures from that era`s economic activities such as beekeeping.
Also unbelievable photos of Pontikonisi (Mouse island) and photos of some celebrities of the 50s who had repeatedly visited Benitses in the past.

Benitses old photos

Old Black and White Photos of Benitses Dated Back to 1860

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This is the first group with 50 photos of the large collection of Benitses old black and white photos… Read More

Benitses Landscapes Old Photographs

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The second group of our large collection of Benitses old photos, mainly with photos of Benitses landscapes and religious events… Read More

Benitses Old Photos with Workers and Fishermen – Group 3

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50 photos which are the third group of our old photos collection of Benitses with images of women workers in the groves of the last century… Read More

Benitses Old Photos (4th Group)

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Pictures from landscapes, the old port, the elementary school at different times from 1933 to 1980 and photos from some celebrations… Read More

Benitses Old Photos (5th Group)

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In this 5th group of our Benitses old photos collection, there are mainly people of the families of Martzokas, Kontos, Kapsokavadis, Spinoulas, and others… Read More

Benitses Old Photos (6th Group)

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This is the sixth group on old photographs especially with people, all photos after digital processing to remove the signs of aging… Read More

Benitses Old Photos from the 70s (7th Group)

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This is the seventh group with photographs mostly of the decade of the ’70s In the future, there will be more pictures added.… Read More

Benitses Old Photos from the 70s (8th Group)

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This is the eighth group on old photographs with some people who were young in the 80s, there are also some old pictures from exotic places of the west coast of Corfu during the 50s… Read More

Benitses Old Photos (9th Group)

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This is the ninth group on old photographs with some people and landscapes from Benitses of the past, most in black and white… Read More

Benitses of 1950, the Harbor, the Fishing Boats and the Celebrities

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In these photos we can see what Benitses looked like in 1950, We can see the two characteristic creeks, the Port and Koutsomaroula bay, as they appear from the hill of Agios Stefanos… Read More

San Stefano Estate in Benitses Through Unique Images

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Last updated on October 13th, 2019 at 07:35 pm The house of San Stefano was built on the hill just … Read More

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